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NGC 659 (1,252 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 659

NGC 659, Cl Collinder 19, C 0140+604, Ocl 332.0, Ocl 332, COCD 21, VIII 65, GC 389

RA: 01h 44m 20s
Dec: +60° 40′ 4″

Con: Cassiopeia
Ch: MSA:47, U2:37, SA:1

Ref: SIMBAD, Collinder (1931), DAML02, Archinal&Hynes (2003), Skiff20080430-s

(reference key)

Type: open cluster, 12m

Mag: B=8.4, V=7.9

Size: 5′
PA: ?

Historical observations

Caroline Herschel

Discovered by Caroline Herschel.

William Herschel (c.1784)

Synonyms: H VIII-065

Observed in 1787 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "a small cluster of small stars, not very rich. Caroline Herschel discovered it in 1783."

Published comments

Photo index

Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Deep Sky #8 Fa84 p29, Vehrenberg's Atlas of DS Splendors (3ed) p31.

NGC 6595 = IC 4700, Vehrenberg's Atlas of Galactic Neb-2 p38 (photo includes IC 1283/1284).

Phelps, R. L. & Janes, K. A. (1994)

Phelps and Janes give the outer cluster radius as 2.25arcminutes and list the minimum number of cluster members as 56. They include a plotted image of the cluster. [Phelps, R. L. & Janes, K. A. (1994) "Young Open Clusters as Probes of the Star Formation Process. 1. An atlas of open cluster photometry" Astrophys. J. Suppl. Series, 90:31-82.]

Melotte, P.J. (1915)

A catalogue of star clusters shown on Franklin-Adams chart plates. Mem.R.A.S., 60(5), 175-186.

Raab, S. (1922)

Raab, S. (1922) A research on open clusters. Lund Medd. Astron. Obs. Ser. II, 28, 1.

Based of F-A plates: "contains only a small num of F* and is not clearly sep. from the environs."

Bailey, S.I. (1908)

"cluster; coarse."

Bailey, S.I. (1908) A catalogue of bright stars and nebulae. Ann.Harv.Coll.Obs., 60(8), 199.

Trumpler, R.J. (1928)

Trumpler (Lick Obs Bulletin, Vol 14, No. 420) gives the diameter as 5' and the class as 2 2 p.

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 10.0 mag open cluster.

Modern observations

Ancient City Astron.Club (1980)

Listed by the Herschel Club, described as "20 stars were counted in this loose and poor grouping of stars. Situated in a rich field, is near to NGC 663, can be seen in same eyepiece field. 6-inch, 48x."


In a 6-inch this cluster shows as a small glow behind a star or two.

Brian Skiff

7cm - sm mod f cl @ 30x w/a few res *s. 75x: about a dozen *s w/four brtr ones (about m10), most central of which is pair. some haziness. BS, 26Nov1992, Anderson Mesa.

8cm - sm gran-to-partially res spot @ 20x. BS, 17Oct1982, Anderson Mesa.

15cm - mod f cl in rich fld @ 80x. 140x: 4' diam w/20 *s w/mod but irreg concen twd center, which is marked by line of three *s. cl *s m11.5+. BS, 10Dec1990, Anderson Mesa.

25cm - sm, loose w/22 *s. not very br, 3' diam.

30cm - loosely concen. 4'.5 diam w/no more than 20 *s counted. S 4' is m10 *. *s fainter than m10.5. 238x.

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

(no date)

Alldays (22.50S, 20.12E, 770m).

12-inch f/10 SCT (76x, 218x)

Surprisingly, NGC 659 revealed three bright stars on the south edge of the cluster, which displays a hazy patch to the NE. (95x). Not much of an observation but my best shot at the most northerly object seen so far. Small and not much to add.

Tom Bryant

2010 10 16 4:28:24

Observing site: Little Tycho Observatory

Telescope: C-8

[1h 44m 12s, 60 42m 0s] Looks to me like a chance grouping of ~8 10-12mv stars. There might be a haze of much fainter ones, but that might be averted imaganation, too. Wikisky: There is a very slight clumping of Milky Way stars here

Favourite lists

Lacaille's catalogue

The Messier objects

Dunlop's catalogue

The Bennett objects

The Caldwell list

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