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Deep Sky Observer's Companion – the online database


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Full database:

Entire DOCdb database of 18,816 objects.



Seven Sisters of the Pole (1 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost

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The following publications were consulted during the compilation of the DOCdb numeric data files:

  1. Abell, G.O. (1955) Globular clusters and planetary nebulae discovered on the national geographic society-Palomar Observatory sky survey. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 67, 258-261. 1955PASP...67..258A
  2. Abell, G.O. (1955) Globular clusters and planetary nebulae discovered on the national geographic society-Palomar Observatory sky survey. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 67, 258-261. 1955PASP...67..258A
  3. Abell, G.O., Corwin, H.G., Jr, Olowin, R.P. (1989) A catalog of rich clusters of galaxies. Ap.J.Suppl.Ser., 70, 1-138. 1989ApJS...70....1A http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/110
  4. Acker, A. et al. (1992) Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae. 1992ESOPN...1....1A http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?V/84
  5. AGC n1995ApJ...444...41S1997AJ....113...22G1997AJ....113.1197Hhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/AJ/113/22
  6. Aguero, E. L. (1971) A list of interesting southern galaxies. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 83, 310-312. 1971PASP...83..310A
  7. Alter, G., Ruprecht, J. & Vanysek, V. (1970) Catalogue of star clusters and associations + supplements. Akad. Kiado, Budapest, Hungary. 1970CSCA..C......0A http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/101
  8. Alter, G., Ruprecht, J. & Vanysek, V. (1970) Catalogue of star clusters and associations + supplements. Akad. Kiado, Budapest, Hungary. 1970CSCA..C......0A http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/44
  9. Alter, J. (1958) Catalogue of Star Clusters and Associations. First edition. 1958QB851.C413.....
  10. Antalová, A. (1970) UBV photographic photometry of stars in the region AR1950 17h03m - 17h41m Decl1950:-28.8° - 33.4°. I. The catalogue and identification maps of 250 OB and 101 photometrically interesting stars. Bulletin of the Astronomical Institute of Czechoslovakia, vol. 21, p.331. 1970BAICz..21..331A
  11. Apriamashvili, S.P. (1964) A new planetary nebula. Astron. Tsirk., 279, 1. 1964ATsir.279....1A
  12. Apriamaswili, S.P. (1964) On a new open cluster in Scutum. Astron. Tsirk., 280, 1-2. 1964ATsir.280....1A
  13. Arakelian, M.A. (1975) The galaxies of high surface brightness. Soobshch. Byurakan Obs., 47, 3-40. 1975SoByu..47....3A
  14. Archinal, B.A. & Hynes, S.J. (2003) Star clusters. Willmann-Bell. 2003stcl.book.....A
  15. Arp, H. & Van den Bergh, S. (1960) A new faint globular cluster. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 72, 48-51. 1960PASP...72...48A
  16. Arp, H. (1966) Atlas of peculiar galaxies. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 14, 1-20. 1966ApJS...14....1A http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/74
  17. Arp, H.C. & Mardore, B.F. (1987) A catalogue of southern peculiar galaxies and associations. Cambridge Univ. Press. 1987AM....C......0A http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/170
  18. Baade, W. (1935) A new planetary nebula. PASP, 47, 99. 1935PASP...47...99B
  19. Barnard, E. E. (1919) On the dark markings of the sky, with a catalogue of 182 such objects. Ap.J., 49, 1-24. 1919ApJ....49....1B1927cdos.book.....B http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/Cat?VII/220A
  20. Berbieri, C. & Sulentic, J.W. (1977) The planetary nebula 164+31 1. PASP, 89, 261-263. 1977PASP...89..261B
  21. Bernes, C. (1977) A catalogue of bright nebulosities in opaque dust clouds. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 29, 65-70. 1977A&AS...29...65B
  22. Bhatia, R.K. & MacGillivray, H.T. (1989) An automated search for star clusters in the Magellanic Clouds. I. Description of the technique and application to a 6 square degree field near the bear of the LMC. Astron. Astrophys., 211, 9-24. 1989A&A...211....9B
  23. Bhatia, R.K., Read, M.A., Hatzidimitriou, D. & Tritton, S. (1991) A catalogue of binary star cluster candidates in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 87, 335-352. 1991A&AS...87..335B
  24. Bica et al. (2006) Properties of 153 Galactic globular clusters. http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/450/105
  25. Blanco, V.M. (1949) A new galactic star cluster in Sculptor. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 61, 183-184. 1949PASP...61..183B
  26. Bourke, T.L., Hyland, A.R. & Robinson, G. (1995) Studies of star formation in isolated small dark clouds - I. A catalogue of southern Bok globules : optical and IRAS properties. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 276, 1052-1066. 1995MNRAS.276.1052B
  27. Cederblad, S. (1946) Studies of bright diffuse galactic nebulae with special regard to their spatial distribution. Lund Medd. Astron. Obs. Ser. II, 119, 1-166. 1946MeLu2.119....1C http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/231
  28. Cl VDB n 1957ApJ...126..323V1966AJ.....71..990V1960ApJ...131..322A
  29. Cl Waterloo n 1979A&AS...38..197M1979A&AS...37..351F1980MNRAS.193..761F
  30. Collinder, P. (1931) On structured properties of open galactic clusters and their spatial distribution. Ann. Obs. Lund, 2, 1. 1931AnLun...2....1C
  31. Corwin, H.G. et al. (1985) Southern Galaxy Catalogue. Univ. Texas Monogr. Astron., 4. 1985MAUTx...4....1C http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/116
  32. Czernik, M. (1966) New open star clusters. Acta Astron., 16, 93-94. 1966AcA....16...93C
  33. DCld LLL.l+BB.b1984A&AS...58..365F1986A&AS...63...27H2002A&A...383..631Dhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A%2BA/383/631
  34. Djorgovski, S. (1987) Discovery of three obscured globular clusters. Astrophys. J., 317, L13-L14. 1987ApJ...317L..13D
  35. Dolidze, M.V. & Jimsheleishvili, G.N. (1966) New emission object in Hercules. Astron. Tsirk., 385, 7-8. 1966ATsir.385....7D
  36. Dolidze, M.V. (1961) On the star cluster near gamma Cyg. Astron. Cir., 223, 11-12 1961ACiCh.223...11D
  37. Dorschner, J. & Gurtler, J. (1963) Untersuchungen uber Reflexionsnebel am Palomar Sky Survey. I. Verzeichnis von Reflexionsnebeln. Astron. Nachr., 287, 257-260. 1963AN....287..257D
  38. Feinstein, A. (1964) A group of stars around the He star HD 96446. The Observatory, 84, 111-115. 1964Obs....84..111F
  39. Froebrich et al. (2007) D. Froebrich, A. Scholz and C.J. Raftery, 2007. A systematic survey for infrared star clusters with |b| < 20 deg using 2MASS. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Vol. 374, p. 399 (2007). Preprint: astro-ph/0610146 2007MNRAS.374..399F
  40. Frolov, V.N. (1977) Photometry and proper motions of stars of four galactic clusters in Cassiopeia. Izv. Glav. Astron. Obs., 195, 80-97. 1977IzPul.195...80F
  41. Gaze, V.F. & Shajn, G.A. (1954) Fourth list of diffuse emission nebulae. Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 11, 39-41. 1954IzKry..11...39G
  42. Gaze, V.F. & Shajn, G.A. (1955) Catalogue of emission nebulae. Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 15, 11-30. 1955IzKry..15...11G
  43. Green (2001) A Catalogue of Galactic Supernova Remnants http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/227
  44. Green, D.A. (1996) Proc. IAU Colloq., Supernovae and Supernovae Remnants", 145, 419. CUP. 1996IAUCo.145..419G1984MNRAS.209..449G1988Ap&SS.148....3G1991PASP..103..209G
  45. Grubissich, C. (1965) Dreifarben-Photometrie von zwei offenen Sternhaufen in Richtung der Scutum-Wolke. Zeitschr. Astrophys., 60, 249-255. 1965ZA.....60..249G
  46. Gum, C.S. (1955) A survey of southern HII regions. Mem. R. Astron. Soc., 67, 155-177. 1955MmRAS..67..155G
  47. Haffner, H. (1957) Neue galaktische Sternhaufen in der sudlichen Milchstrasse. Zeitschr. Astrophys., 43, 89-94. 1957ZA.....43...89H
  48. Haro, G. (1952) Nuevas nebulosas planetarias y objetos con emision en la region del centro galactico. Bol. Obs. Tonantz. Tacub., 1, part no 1, 1. 1952BOTT....1a...1H
  49. Heckathorn, J.N., Fesen, R.A. & Gull, T.R. (1982) Discovery of a large, high-excitation planetary nebula at l=136, b=+5. Astron. Astrophys., 114, 414-418. 1982A&A...114..414H
  50. Henize, K.G. (1961) Seven new planetary nebulae. PASP, 73, 159-162. 1961PASP...73..159H
  51. Henize, K.G. (1967) Observations of southern planetary nebulae. Ap.J.Suppl.Ser., 14, 125-153. 1967ApJS...14..125H
  52. Henize, K.G. (1976) Observations of southern emission-line stars. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 30, 491-550. 1976ApJS...30..491H
  53. Hickson, P. (1982) Systematic properties of compact groups of galaxies. Astrophys. J., 255, 382-391. 1982ApJ...255..382H http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/213
  54. Hoffleit, D. (1953) A preliminary survey of nebulosities and associated B-stars in Car. Ann. Astron. Obs. Harvard Coll., 119, 37. 1953AnHar.119...37H1967PK....C......1P
  55. Hogg, A. R. (1965) Catalogue of open clusters south of -45deg declination. Mem. Mount Stromlo Obs., 17, 1-17. 1965MmMtS..17....1H
  56. Hubble, E.P. (1921) Twelve new planetary nebulae. PASP, 33, 174-175. 1921PASP...33..174H
  57. Humason, M.L. (1921) Two new planetary nebulae. PASP, 33, 175-175. 1921PASP...33..175H
  58. Humason, M.L. (1922) A new planetary nebula. PASP, 34, 296-297. 1922PASP...34..296H
  59. IC-1 catalogue 1895MmRAS..51..185D
  60. IC-2 catalogue 1908MmRAS..59..105D
  61. Karachentsev, I. D. et al. (1993) Flat galaxies catalogue. Astron. Nachr., 314, 97-222. 1993AN....314...97K http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/162
  62. Karachentsev, I.D. (1972) Catalogue of isolated pairs of galaxies in the northern hemisphere. Soobshch. Spets. Astrof. Obs., 7, 1-92. 1972SoSAO...7....1K http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/77
  63. Kharchenko et al. (2009) Shape parameters for 650 open clusters. http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/495/807
  64. Kharchenko, N.V. et al. (2004) Astrophysical supplements to the ASCC-2.5. II. Membership probabilities in 520 Galactic open cluster sky areas. Astron. Nachr., 325, 740-748. 2004AN....325..740K2006A&A...445..545P http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/other/AN/325.740
  65. King, I. (1949) Some new galactic clusters. Harvard Bull., 919, 41-42. 1949BHarO.919...41K
  66. Kontizas, M. et al. (1990) The cluster system of the Large Magellanic Cloud. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 84, 527. 1990A&AS...84..527K
  67. Kron, G.E. (1956) Star clusters in the Small Magellanic Cloud. I. Identification of 69 clusters. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 68, 125-130. 1956PASP...68..125K
  68. Lauberts, A. (1982) The ESO/Uppsala Survey of the ESO(B) Atlas. 1982ESO...C......0L http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/34
  69. Leisawitz, D. (1988) Catalog of open clusters and associated interstellar matter. NASA Ref. Publ., 1202, 1. 1988NASAR1202....1L http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/106
  70. Liller, W. (1977) Searches for the optical counterparts of the X-ray burst sources MXB 1728-34 and MXB 1730-33. Astrophys. J., 213, L21-L23. 1977ApJ...213L..21L
  71. Lindsay, E.M. (1958) The cluster system of the Small Magellanic Cloud. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 118, 172-182. 1958MNRAS.118..172L
  72. Loden, L.O. (1980) Concluding observations of loose stellar clusterings in the Southern Milky Way. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 41, 173-181. 1980A&AS...41..173L
  73. Longmore, A.J. (1977) New and known planetary nebulae on plates taken with the U.K. 1,2 m Schmidt telescope. MNRAS, 178, 251-257. 1977MNRAS.178..251L
  74. Lucke, P.B. & Hodge, P.W. (1970) A Catalogue of Stellar Associations in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Astron. J., 75, 171-175. 1970AJ.....75..171L
  75. Lynds, B.T. (1962) Catalogue of dark nebulae. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 7, 1-52. 1962ApJS....7....1L http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/7
  76. Lynds, B.T. (1965) Catalogue of bright nebulae. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 12, 163-185. 1965ApJS...12..163L http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/9
  77. Lynga, G. (1964) Studies of the Milky Way from Centaurus to Norma. II. Open clusters. Lund Medd. Astron. Obs. Ser. II, 140, 1. 1964MeLu2.140....1L
  78. Lynga, G. (1987) Catalogue of Open Cluster Data. 5th ed. Lund Observatory. http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/92
  79. Lynga, G. (1987) Open Cluster Data. 5th Edition. Lund Observatory. http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/92
  80. Maciel et al. (1994) Abundance gradients from disk PNs. http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A+A/282/436
  81. Magakian T.Yu. (2003) Merged catalogue of reflection nebulae. Astron. Astrophys. 399, 141. 2003A&A...399..141M http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/Cat?J/A%2bA/399/141
  82. Malkan, M., Kleinmann, D.E. & Apt, J. (1980) Infrared studies of globular clusters near the Galactic Center. Astrophys. J., 237, 432-437. 1980ApJ...237..432M
  83. Markarian, B.E. (1951) On the classification of open (galactic) stellar clusters. II. Preliminary list of open O-type star clusters. Soobshch. Byurakan Obs., 9, 1-40. 1951SoByu...9....1M
  84. Mayall, M.W. & Cannon, A.J. (1940) New peculiar spectra. Harvard Bull., 913, 7-7. 1940BHarO.913....7M
  85. Mayall, M.W. (1951) New peculiar spectra. Harvard Bull., 920, 32-37. 1951BHarO.920...32M
  86. MCG+ff-ff-nnnn 1974TrSht..46....1V http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/100
  87. Melotte, P.J. (1915) A catalogue of star clusters shown on the Franklin-Adams chart plates. Mem. R. Astron. Soc., 60, 175-186. 1915MmRAS..60..175M
  88. Menzel, D.N. (1922) Five new planetary nebulae. Harvard Bull., 777. 1922BHarO.777....0M
  89. Merrill, P.W. (1941) A distant planetary nebulae. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 53, 245-247. 1941PASP...53..245M
  90. Messier, C. (1850) Catalogue des nebuleuses et des amas d'etoiles. Connaissance des Temps, 1784, 227-269. 1850CDT..1784..227M
  91. Miller, F.D. & Van Dien, E. (1949) A large new planetary nebula. Astrophys. J., 109, 537-538. 1949ApJ...109..537M
  92. Minkowski, R. (1946) New emission nebulae. PASP, 58, 305-309. 1946PASP...58..305M
  93. Minkowski, R. (1946) New emission nebulae. PASP, 58, 305-309. 1946PASP...58..305M
  94. Minkowski, R. (1947) New emission nebulae (II). PASP, 59, 257-259. 1947PASP...59..257M
  95. Moffat, A.F.J. & Vogt. N. (1975), Fitzgerald et al. (1976)1975A&AS...20...85M1975A&AS...20..125M1975A&AS...20..155M1976A&A....46..287F
  96. Nassau, J.J. et al. (1964) Spectral classification for new or unclassified late-type variables, emission-line stars, S stars, and planetary nebulae. Astrophys. J., 139, 864-868. 1964ApJ...139..864N
  97. NGC catalogue 1888MmRAS..49....1D
  98. Nilson, P. (1973) Uppsala General Catalogue of Galaxies. Data for 12,921 galaxies north of delta =-2 30. Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsaliensis, Ser. V:A. 1973UGC...C......0N1999ApJS..125..409C
  99. Nilson, P. (1974) Catalogue of selected non-UGC galaxies. Upps. Astron. Obs. Rep., 5. 1974UppOR...5....0N
  100. Paturel, G. et al. (2003) HYPERLEDA. I. Identification and designation of galaxies. Astron. Astrophys., 412, 45-55. 2003A&A...412...45P http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/237
  101. Peimbert, M. & Batiz, G. (1960) Nuevas nebulosas planetarias. Bol. Obs. Tonantz. Tacub., 2, part no 19, 19-20. 1960BOTT....2s..19P
  102. Peimbert, M. & Costero, R. (1961) Nuevas nebulosas planetarias. II. Bol. Obs. Tonantz. Tacub., 3, 33-35. 1961BOTT....3...33P
  103. Perek, L. & Kohoutek, L. (1967) Catalogue of galactic planetary nebulae. Acad. Publ. House of the Czech. Acad. Sci., 1-276. 1967PK....C......1P http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?IV/24
  104. Perek, L. (1960) New planetary nebulae. Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech., 11, 256. 1960BAICz..11..256P
  105. Petrosian, A. et al. (2007) Markarian galaxies. I. The optical database and atlas. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 170, 33-70. 2007ApJS..170...33P http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/172
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  109. PN Cn 1-4 objects, 1921HarCi.224....1C1923BHarO.784....1C1926BHarO.837....2C
  110. PN Fg 1 objects 1910HarCi.158....0F1911HarCi.167....0F
  111. PN K 1-n1962BAICz..13..120K1963BAICz..14...70K1971A&A....13..493K1977A&A....59..137K
  112. PN Sa N-n1974PASP...86..215S1975PW&SO...2a...1S1976PW&SO...2...57S1983PASP...95..619S
  113. Preite-Martinez, A. (1988) Possible new planetary nebulae in the IRAS point source catalogue. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 76, 317-330. 1988A&AS...76..317P
  114. Raab, S. (1922) A research on open clusters. Lund Medd. Astron. Obs. Ser. II, 28, 1. 1922MeLu2..28....1R
  115. Rodgers, A.W., Campbell, C.T. & Whiteoak, J.B. (1960) A catalogue of H-alpha emission regions in the Southern Milky Way. MNRAS, 121, 103-110. 1960MNRAS.121..103R1985AJ.....90...88M http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/216
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  117. Roslund, C. (1960) Remarks on some new and some known galactic clusters. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 72, 205-207. 1960PASP...72..205R
  118. Ruprecht, J. (1966) Classification of open star clusters. Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech., 17, 33-44 (1966) 1966BAICz..17...33R
  119. Sandqvist, A. & Lindroos, K.P. (1976) Interstellar formaldehyde in southern dark dust clouds. Astron. Astrophys., 53, 179-189. 1976A&A....53..179S1977A&A....57..467S
  120. Sanduleak, N. & Pesch, P. (1982) Emission-line galaxies in the direction of the proposed void in Bootes. Astrophys. J., 258, L11-L15. 1982ApJ...258L..11S
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  129. Stock, J. & Wroblewski, H. (1972) A southern objective prism survey. Publ. Obs. Astron. Nacional, Cerro Calan, 2, 59-129. 1972POAN....2...59S
  130. Stock, J. (1956) Magnitudes and colors for stars in two new galactic clusters. Astrophys. J., 123, 258-266. 1956ApJ...123..258S
  131. Terzan, A. (1971) Quatre nouveaux amas stellaires dans la direction de la region centrale de la Galaxie. Astron. Astrophys., 12, 477-481. 1971A&A....12..477T
  132. Thackeray, A.D. (1950) Some southern stars involved in nebulosity. MNRAS, 110, 524. 1950MNRAS.110..524T
  133. Tombaugh, C.W. (1938) Two new faint galactic star clusters. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 50, 171-171. 1938PASP...50..171T
  134. Trumpler, R.J. (1930) Preliminary results on the distances, dimensions and space distribution of open star clusters. Lick Obs. Bull., 14, 154-188. 1930LicOB..14..154T
  135. Upgren, A.R. & Rubin, V.C. (1965) An old open cluster near the North galactic pole. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 77, 355-358. 1965PASP...77..355U
  136. Van de Steene, G.C., Jacoby, G.H. & Pottasch, S.R. (1996) Optical observations of planetary nebula candidates from the northern hemisphere. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 118, 243-262. 1996A&AS..118..243V
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  139. Van den Bergh, S. (1959) A catalogue of dwarf galaxies. Publ. David Dunlap Obs., 2, 145-156. 1959PDDO....2..145V1966AJ.....71..922V
  140. Van den Bergh, S. (1966) A study of reflection nebulae. Astron. J., 71, 990-998. 1966AJ.....71..990V1968AJ.....73..233R http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/21
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  142. Viallefond, F. et al. (1986) H II regions in M 33. II. Radio continuum survey. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 64, 237-246. 1986A&AS...64..237V
  143. Vorontsov-Vel'jaminov, B.A. (1934) Catalogue of planetary nebulae with a statistical discussion of the subject. Astron. Zh., 11, 40-59. 1934AZh....11...40V
  144. Vorontsov-Vel'jaminov, B.A. (1962) Mitt. Staatl. Astron. Sterberga Inst. Moscow 118, 3.
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Reading list

The following publications were consulted while compiling material for the "Deep Sky Observer's Companion" tutorial:

  1. Ashbrook, J. (1975) "The Visual Orion Nebula" Sky and Telescope, November, 299.
  2. Barclay, J. (1994) "Under the Southern Sky" Astronomy, October, 72.
  3. Bennett, J. C. (1969) Presidential address to the Astronomical Society of Southern Africa, Mon. Notes Astron. Soc. S. Afr., 28(8, August)
  4. Bennett, J. C. (1974) "Some objects of interest in the southern sky" Mon. Notes Astron. Soc. S. Afr., 33(8,August), 107.
  5. Biver, N. (1995) "Drawing the Sky" Sky and Telescope, December, 84.
  6. Bowen, K. P. (1984) "Vision and the Amateur Astronomer", Sky and Telescope, 67(4, April), 321.
  7. Bowen, K. P. (1985) "Binocular astronomy: Is there a difference?" Sky and Telescope, 69(6, June), 572
  8. Bowen, K. P. (1991) "Ageing Eyeballs" Sky and Telescope, September, 254.
  9. Byrd D (1993) "Exploring the South Polar Sky" [Journey with us to the Southern Hemisphere where you'll meet the biggest and best galaxies, the brightest custers and nebulae, and starfields galore] Astronomy, September, 68.
  10. Cain, L. (1986) "Are two eyes better than one?" Astronomy, November, 75.
  11. Cain, L. (1986) "Observer's Page: Visual astronomy rediscovered." Sky and Telescope, 72(6, December), 662
  12. Campos, J. A. (1990) "Obituary: Jack Bennett" Mon. Notes Astron. Soc. S. Afr., 49 (9&10), 113- 115.
  13. Chapman, A. (1993) "An Occupation for an Independent Gentleman: Astronomy in the life of John Herschel" Vistas in Astronomy, 36, 71-116.
  14. Cicchetti, P. (1994) "Drawing Lunar Features" Sky and Telescope, November, 91.
  15. Clark, R. N. (1990) "Visual Astronomy of the Deep Sky", C.U.P.
  16. Clark, R. N. (1994) "How faint can you see?" Sky and Telescope, 87(4, April), 106.
  17. Coe, S. (1990) "Get Ready for Weekend Observing" [The key to successful dark-sky observing is getting everything you'll need to the right place at the right time] Astronomy, June, 60.
  18. Coleman, D. (1994) "A Personal Martian Chronicle" Sky and Telescope, December, 94.
  19. Coulman (1985) Ann.Rev.Astron.Astrophys., 23, 19-57
  20. Cozens G & White G L (2001) James Dunlop: Messier of the southern sky. Sky and Telescope, June, 112-116.
  21. Cozens G (1987) James Dunlop - Pioneer of the Southern Skies. Universe , February, 6-7.
  22. Dodd, L. (1994) "Under the Southern Sky: Part 2" Astronomy, December, 78.
  23. Dreyer, J.L.E. (1888) A New General Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars, being the Catalogue of the late Sir John F.W. Herschel, Bart., revised, corrected, and enlarged. Mem. R.A.S., 49(1), 1-237
  24. Dunlop, J. (1828) A catalogue of nebulae and clusters of stars in the southern hemisphere, observed at Paramatta in New South Wales. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society for 1828, p 113.
  25. Eicher D J (1993) "Deep-sky Summer: The Milky Way" [Step right up and meet some of the most glorious sights in the summer sky] Astronomy, August, 70.
  26. Eicher, D. (1985) "Stars of the Circumpolar South" [double-page map] Astronomy, March, 34.
  27. Eicher, D. J. (1989) "Don't Forget the Bug Spray" [Be prepared for anything under the stars with these ten essential items. Don't leave home without them!] Astronomy, August, 67.
  28. Eicher, D. J. (1989) "Don't Forget the Bug Spray" [Be prepared for anything under the stars with these ten essential items. Don't leave home without them!] Astronomy, August, 67.
  29. Evans, D. S. (1990) "Lacaille: Astronomer, Traveller", Pachart History of Astronomy Series, Volume 9., Pachart Publishing House, Tucson, AZ, USA. ISBN 0-88126-284-6.
  30. Evans, D. S., Deeming, T. J., Evans, B. H. & Goldfarb, S. (1969) Herschel at the Cape. Diaries and correspondence of Sir John Herschel 1834-1838. AA Balkema, Cape Town. ISBN 292-78387-6.
  31. Forrest, S. (1989) "Forum: Tricks of an Observer's Trade" Astronomy, August, 98.
  32. Freeman, R. A. (1983) "The 50 finest double stars for a 60mm refractor." Astronomy, August, 50.
  33. Garfinkle, R. (1995) "See you at the hop" Astronomy, 23, 8, 74.
  34. Gingerich, O. (1988) J L E Dreyer and his NGC. Sky and Telescope, December, 621.
  35. Gingerich, O. (1960) "Abbe Lacaille's List of Clusters and Nebulae", Sky and Telescope 19(4, February), 207.
  36. Goldstein, A. (1989) "Split a Star in Two" [Here are five close doubles that require extra observing skill to detect their binary nature] Astronomy, December, 88.
  37. Harrington, P. (1988) "Seeing Double" [Double stars for resolution tests] Astronomy, June, 98.
  38. Harrington, P. (1989) "The Ten Best Double Stars" [An endless variety of colours and brightnesses in these stellar pairs guarantees year-round observing enjoyment for small-scope owners] Astronomy, July, 78.
  39. Harrington, P. (1994) "Running a Celestial Marathon" [One night, 110 deep-sky wonders. Observe them all and you've comleted the grueling Messier Marathon] Astronomy, March, 61.
  40. Hearnshaw, J. B. (1992) "Origins of the Stellar Magnitude Scale" Sky and Telescope, November, 494.
  41. Houston, Walter Scott (1980) "Observing the deep sky." Sky and Telescope, 60(6, December), 476.
  42. Hunter, T. (1989) "Finding the Best Observing Site" [The quality of an observing site depends on observing conditions and the convenience of the site] Astronomy, December, 92.
  43. Jones, K. G. (1969) The Search for the Nebulae - VI. J.Brit.Astron.Assoc., 79(3), 213.
  44. Kanipe, J. (1995) "Dog days and twinkling stars" Astronomy, 23, 8, 40
  45. Kramer, J. (1994) "Focal Point: In Praise of Star- Hopping" Sky and Telescope, November, 6.
  46. Lacaille, de, N-L. (1752) Table des ascensions droites et des declinaisons apparentes. Mem.Acad.R.Sci., 539-592.
  47. Lacaille, de, N-L. (1755) Sur les etoiles nebuleuses du ciel austral. Mem.Acad.R.Sci., 194-199.
  48. Levy, D. H. (1989) Star Trails, Sky and Telescope, 77(6, June), 659.
  49. Levy, D. H. (1989) Star Trails, Sky and Telescope, 77(6, June), 659.
  50. Ling, A. (1993) Cool Sharp Nights. Astronomy, October, 70. [Deep sky observing with a small refractor]
  51. Ling, A. (1994) "Taking the Deep-Sky Plunge" [Are you ready to dive into the depths of space? Here's how to do it the easy way] Astronomy, March 58.
  52. Ling, A. (1992) "Volcanic Twilights" [Eruptions of volcanoes half a world away can produce vividly coloured sunsets visible from your own back yard] Astronomy, August, 37.
  53. Lovi, G. (1985) "Rambling through December skies: A look at seeing" Sky and Telescope, 70(6, December), 577.
  54. Macdonald, L. T. (1993) "Visual Recording of Deep-Sky Objects" [Drawing deep-sky objects is both of personal reward and trains the eye to see fine details. This paper presents the author's own techniques for drawing the deep sky] J. Br. Astron. Assoc., 103, 2, 84-86.
  55. Macdonald, L. T. (1994) "Sketching the Deep Sky" [You don't need to be Michelangelo to record the sky's greatest objects. Grab pencil and paper and head for the stars] Astronomy, January, 76.
  56. MacRobert , A. M. (1994) "How to start right" Sky and Telescope, 87(2, February), 48.
  57. MacRobert, A. M. (1985) "Backyard astronomy: Secrets of deep-sky observing" Sky and Telescope, 70(3, September), 204.
  58. MacRobert, A. M. (1983) "Backyard Astronomy: Observing with binoculars." Sky and Telescope 66(4, October), 307.
  59. MacRobert, A. M. (1985) "Backyard astronomy: Secrets of deep-sky observing" Sky and Telescope, 70(3, September), 204.
  60. MacRobert, A. M. (1987) "Backyard Astronomy: The art of planetary observing - II." Sky and Telescope 74(6, December), 603.
  61. MacRobert, A. M. (1988) "Backyard Astronomy: A summer evening star-hop" Sky and Telescope, 75(6, June), 603.
  62. MacRobert, A. M. (1991) "Rate Your Observing Site" Sky and Telescope, March, 262.
  63. MacRobert, A. M. (1992) "Double Stars to Test Your Limits" Sky and Telescope. February, 187.
  64. MacRobert, A. M. (1994) "How to start right" Sky and Telescope, 87(2,February), 48.
  65. MacRobert, A. M. (1995) "Beating the seeing" Sky and Telescope, April, 40
  66. MacRobert, A. M. (1995) "The power of binoculars." Sky and Telescope, 89(5, May), 48.
  67. Marsden, B. (1990) "Jack Bennett - An appreciation" Mon. Notes Astron. Soc. S. Afr., 49 (9&10), 115.
  68. Matty, L. (1990) "To See Planets Better, Draw an Egg" Sky and Telescope, June, 643.
  69. Merrill, P. W. (1955) "Red Stars" Publications of the Astron. Soc. of the Pacific, August, 199.
  70. Mikesell, Hoag and Hall (1951) "The scintillation of starlight" Journal Optical Society of America, 41, 689-695.
  71. Mitchell, S. (1995) "Have sketchpad, will travel" [In an era when film and CCDs greedily gobble up light from the cosmos, don't forget to reserve a few photons for you and your trusty sketchpad] Astronomy, July, 76.
  72. Mitton, J. & MacRobert, A. M. (1989) "Colored Stars" Sky and Telescope, February, 181.
  73. Moeller, J. (1989) "Will it be Clear Tonight?" [You don't need to be a weatherman to figure out whether tonight's sky will be cloudy or clear] Astronomy, December, 74.
  74. Morel, P. (1988) "Drawing the Sun and Moon" Sky and Telescope, April, 404.
  75. Mort, G. (1996) "Drawing the Face of Jove" Sky and Telescope, October, 92.
  76. Mullaney, J. (1993) "The delights of observing double stars." Sky and Telescope, 85(3, March), 112.
  77. Nagler, A. (1991) "Choosing Your Telescope's Magnification" Sky and Telescope, May, 553.
  78. O'Meara, S. J. (1991) "Observing at the Limit", Sky and Telescope, October, 423.
  79. Polakis, T. (1995) "Deep-sky on Four a Day" [Is there life after observing the Messier objects? Try the Herschel 400 in 100 nights like I did from Arizona] Astronomy, June, 65.
  80. Pommier, R. (1992) "How to Improve Your Image" [Cure fuzzy images by learning how and where to set up your telescope] Astronomy, July, 60.
  81. Porcellino, M. (1994) "Bright Lights, Deep Sky" [An urbanite's survival guide to deep-sky observing] Astronomy, October, 68.
  82. Pritchard, R. M. (1961) "Stabilized Images on the Retina", Scientific American, June, 72.
  83. Rabalais, M. (1986) "How to Conquer the Messier Objects" Astronomy, December, 88
  84. Regen, D. N. (1996) "The Joys of City Observing" Sky and Telescope, March, 91.
  85. Romer, J. (1984) "Observer's page: Cheap astronomy: the joy of sketching." Sky and Telescope, 68(3, September), 277.
  86. Ruskin, S. W. (1997) "When London viewed the southern skies: The reception of Sir John Herschel's Cape Results" J. Br. Astron. Assoc., 107, 6, 325- 331.
  87. Schaaf, F. (1994) "The Seven Layers of Light" Sky and Telescope, November, 64.
  88. Schaefer, B. E. (1989) "Your telescope's limiting magnitude." Sky and Telescope, 78(5, November), 522.
  89. Schaefer, B. E. (1993) "Astronomy and the Limits of Vision" Vistas in Astronomy, 36, 311-361.
  90. Sinnott, R. W. (1988) NGC 2000.0, The Complete New General Catalogue and Index Catalogue of Nebulae and Star Clusters by J. L. E. Dreyer. Sky Publishing Corporation and Cambridge University Press.
  91. Skiff, B. A. (1993) "M Is For Messier" [Naming deep-sky objects] Sky and Telescope, April, 38.
  92. Spevak, J. (1993) "Night of the Deep-Sky Observer" [Follow a lone sky watcher through a night of viewing springtime clusters, nebulae, and galaxies] Astronomy, March, 62.
  93. Steffey, P. C. (1988) Letters, Sky and Telescope, August, 141
  94. Steffey, P. C. (1992) "The Truth about Star Colors" Sky and Telescope, September, 266.
  95. Sweetman, M. (1989) "Reader Reports: Capturing the Universe on Paper" Astronomy, August, 98.
  96. Thorpe, A. M. (1988) "Should You Keep an Astronomical Notebook?" Astronomy, January, 50.
  97. Upgren, A. R. (1996) "Disecting Light Pollution" Sky and Telescope, November, 44.
  98. Williams, D. B. (1983) "Binoculars and binaries" Astronomy, September, 75.
  99. Young, A. T. (1971) "Seeing and scintillation" Sky and Telescope, September, 139.
  100. Zentz, G. L. (1992) "A Personal and Permanent Journey through the Universe" [Time spent beneath the stars with a journal will richly reward astronomical memories] Astronomy, February, 80.
  101. -- "John Herschel" by Gunther Buttmann. Book review published in Sky and Telescope, 1967, February, 102.
  102. -- "Sir John Herschel at the Cape, 1834-1838" Reprinted from the Quarterly Bulletin of the South African Library Vol. 12, No. 2, December 1957.

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