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NGC 596 (1,142 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 596

NGC 596, LEDA 5766, MCG-01-05-005, II 4, h 132, GC 351

RA: 01h 32m 52.09s
Dec: −07° 01′ 54.7″

Con: Cetus
Ch: MSA:290, U2:263, SA:10


(reference key)

Type: galaxy (in cluster), E...

Mag: B=11.5, V=?

Size: 2.63′ x 1.949′
PA: 140°

Historical observations

William Herschel (c.1784)

Synonyms: H II-004

Discovered in 1783 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "pB pS R mbM, resembling a telescopic comet."

Birr Castle/Lord Rosse

(72-inch f/8.8 speculum telescope) "B, S, R nucleus, a star preceding and another north."

Published comments

Burnham's Celestial Handbook

Burnham calls this a 12.2 mag elliptical in Cetus, 1' x 0.9', "pretty bright, round, brighter in the middle; 6th mag star 12' following."

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

(Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.5 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads E,R,BM.

Sandage, A. et al. (1975) Galaxies and the Universe

G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Cetus II Cloud includes the NGC 584 & NGC 681 Groups. The five brightest members of the Cetus II Cloud are NGC 720, NGC 584, NGC 779, NGC 596 & NGC 615.

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 21 (1920)

B, S, R, globular nebula.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Cetus II Cloud

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

Includes NGC 584 and NGC 681 groups.

Brightest members: NGC 720 ( B(0) = 11.47), NGC 584 ( B(0) = 11.71), NGC 779 ( B(0) = 12.20), NGC 596 ( B(0) = 12.31), NGC 615 ( B(0) = 12.51).

Modern observations

Walter Scott Houston

Notes that this is one of a line of three galaxies southeast of NGC 584. These three are NGC 596, NGC 615 & NGC 636. NGC 596 is an elliptical, 0.6' x 0.5' and has a visual mag of 11.5.

Ancient City Astron.Club (1980)

described as "very small circular object with a fairly bright nucleus, dimming towards the outer edges. 8-inch, 48x."

Tom Lorenzin

Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "12M; 3.5'x 2.2' extent; bright and round with brighter center; 6M SAO 129371 is the bright star 15' due E."

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, using a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty bright, pretty small, round, much brighter middle at 100X. Has a stellar core at 135X in moments of good seeing."

Brian Skiff

15cm - f round patch, vsm w/*ar nuc.

25cm - pretty br, sm, concen to *ar nuc in vsm core. halo 1' diam, circ, or perhaps a it extra halo to S (or nuc off-center to NE).

30cm - easy 12' W of m6 *. sm, fairly br w/br 25" core and sub*ar nuc. halo 1'.2x0'.8 in pa35. sev *s w/in 1'.5.

Contemporary observations

Tom Bryant

2011 1 4 19:37:12

Observing site: Little Bennett Regional Park

Telescope: C-11

[1h 32m 54s, -7 2' 0"] A faint, uniform smudge. B: E2.

2011 1 4 19:27:21

Observing site: Little Bennett Regional Park

Telescope: C-11

[1h 32m 54s, -7 2' 0"] A round glow with a bright middle. Spiral? Sb?

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