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RA: 03h 52m 47.6s
Dec: −47° 28′ 37.9″
Ch: MSA:441, U2:391, SA:18
Type: galaxy, Sbc
Mag: B=?, V=?
Size: 1.318′ x 1.148′
Dunlop, J. (1828) A Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars in the Southern Hemisphere, Observed at Paramatta in New South Wales. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 118, 113-151. [1828RSPT..118..113D]
James Dunlop observed from Paramatta, New South Wales, using a 9-inch f/12 telescope. His No. 427 is described as "a pretty large nebula, round figure, 2' or 3' diameter." No.428 is recorded as "an extremely faint ill-defined small nebula. A pretty large nebula precedes this."
This galaxy has been cross-referenced with Dunlop 427, and was observed by John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He described it as "pretty faint; round; very little brighter in the middle; 20" across. (Newly polished mirror, but the sky dull and haze forming; so that this may very possibly be Dunlop 428.)" His second description notes is as "very faint; pretty large; round; very gradually a little brighter in the middle; 80" across. I feel convinced that this nebula is too faint to have been seen by Mr Dunlop. Put on the 9 inch aperture, could not discern the least trace of it. Mirror polished yesterday and in high beauty. Sky superb."
Shapley, H. & Paraskevopoulos, J.S. (1940) Southern clusters and galaxies. Harvard Obs. Bull., No.914, 6-8.
Ann.Harv.Coll.Obs., 88 (5) - Table II, p 110: Size estimate: 10'.
(Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a galaxy.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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