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NGC 7314 (17,298 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 7314

NGC 7314, Arp 14, ESO 533-53, LEDA 69253, MCG-04-53-018, SGC 223300-2618.6, h 3949, GC 4810

RA: 22h 35m 46.06s
Dec: −26° 03′ 1.7″

Con: Piscis Austrinus
Ch: MSA:1379, U2:347, SA:23


(reference key)

Type: galaxy (Seyfert 1), Sc

Mag: B=11.55, V=10.9

Size: 4.365′ x 1.819′
PA: 3°

Historical observations

John Herschel (1847) Cape Observations

Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, L, mE in meridian, vlbM, 4' long, 2' broad, moonlight." On a second occassion he called it "B, vL, mE in meridian, gvlbM, 4' long, 1.5' broad." His third observation was recorded as "B, L, mE in meridian, 3' long, 1' broad."

Published comments

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 15 (1915)

B, 2.5'x1', mE 0deg, spiral.

Knox Shaw, H. (1915)

Knox Shaw, H. (1915) Note on the nebulae and star clusters shown on the Franklin-Adams plates. M.N.R.A.S., 76(2), 105-107.

Comments on papers by Harding (MNRAS, 74(8)), and Melotte (MemRAS 60(5)) describing objects foundon the Franklin-Adams plates; compares with plates taken with the Reynolds reflector (Helwan Obs Bull. 9-15):

Spiral. [previously included in Class III-Diffuse Nebulae]

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 21 (1920)

pB, 4'x2', E 0deg., pFLN; curious patchy spiral. There appears to be some absorption, the spiral structure being indicated by dark lanes. see HOB 15.

Arp (1966)

Listed as No. 14 in Arp's "Atlas of Peculiar Galaxies" (Astrophysical Journal Supplement, vol. 14, 1966.) He remarks that it has "almost no nucleus."

Sandage, A. (1961) The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies

This galaxy appears on page 30 of "The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies" by Allan Sandage (1961, Washington, DC).

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

(Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads EL,BM,HISB,INT PCHS.

Photo index

by Jim Lucyk: Hubble Atl.of Gal. (Sandage 1961) p30, Cat.of South.Peculiar Gal.and Ass. Vol 2 (Arp&Madore, 1987) p8.6.

Modern observations

Steve Coe

Coe, in "SACNEWS On-line for October 1996" notes: NGC 7314 is a beautiful edge-on galaxy at 22 hr 35.8 min and -26 03. I see it as pretty bright, pretty large, somewhat brighter in the middle and elongated 4x1 in PA 0 at 100X. This nice galaxy has a companion to the south which is faint, small and round.

Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty bright, pretty large, somewhat brighter in the middle and elongated 4x1 in PA 0 at 100X. This nice galaxy has a companion to the south which is faint, small and round."

Walter Scott Houston

Houston notes that this galaxy lies about six degrees northwest of Fomalhaut. He notes: "Do not let its photographic magnitude of 11.6 scare you off, for it can be seen in a 6-inch telescope as a curiously fuzzy object." It is small, appearing only 4' by 2'.


Tom Lorenzin

Lorenzin, in the e-version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "11.9M; 3.5' x 1.5' extent; fairly bright oblong with little brighter center; axis oriented N-S; see photo at HAG-30."

Contemporary observations

Richard Ford

2009 August 15th Saturday


Instrument:12"Dobsonian Reflector Telescope.

Sky Conditions:The fainter parts of the Milky Way are barely visible with the naked eye.

Transparency of the Sky:Haziness only visible on the horizon.

Seeing:Atmosphere stable with little interference.

Limiting Magnitude:4.9.

First Impression:Galaxy.

Location:Piscis Austrinus.


Chart Number:No.19(Extract taken out of "Atlas of the Night Sky").

P.A:West-North West.


Brightness Profile:Low Surface Brightness.

Challenge Rating:Noticeable in a large telescope under dark skies.

Overall Shape:Well-defined.

What does the galactic nucleus look like? Elongated as a faint galaxy with a brilliant nucleus.

Any stars very near or within the galaxy? Yes,there are a few faint stars in the magnitude of 7 to 8th magnitude.On the outskirts there are 5th and 6th magnitude stars.

Are there darker areas within the galaxy? No.

Are there areas of uneven brightness? No,there are no areas of uneven brightness.All areas of this galaxy has even uniform brightness.

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