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NGC 972 (1,792 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 972

NGC 972, LEDA 9788, MCG+05-07-010, UGC 2045, II 211, h 232, GC 560, GC 5247

RA: 02h 34m 13.39s
Dec: +29° 18′ 38.1″

Con: Aries
Ch: MSA:143, U2:93, SA:4


(reference key)

Type: galaxy, Sab

Mag: B=12.1, V=?

Size: 3.235′ x 1.584′
PA: 152°

Historical observations

William Herschel (c.1784)

Synonyms: H II-211

Discovered in 1784 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "F, pL, lE, bM, north of 2 stars."

Birr Castle/Lord Rosse

Observations with the 72-inch f/8.8 speculum telescope at Birr Castle noted "Oct 12, 1855. Sketched; resolvable."

Published comments

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.5 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads EL,BM,DIFHALO,DKLNSS.

Sandage, A. (1961) The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies

This galaxy appears on page 23 of "The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies" by Allan Sandage (1961, Washington, DC).

Photo index

Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Burnhams V1 p251, Hubble Atl.of Gal. (Sandage 1961) p23.

Burnham's Celestial Handbook

Burnham notes that this 12.3 mag peculiar spiral galaxy in Aries (2.7'x1') is pretty bright, considerably large, slightly elongated and gradually brighter in the middle. It has a coarse spiral pattern with irregular dust lanes.

Modern observations

Tom Lorenzin

Tom Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "12.3M; 2.7'x 1' extent; faint E-W-oriented ellipse with brighter center; appears somewhat mottled with larger aperture; photos at Burnhams Celestial Handbook-I-251 and HAG-23."

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, using a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty bright, pretty small, much brighter in the middle, elongated 3 X 1 in PA 145 at 165X. This galaxy really grows with averted vision."

Brian Skiff

RC3: V=11.4/13.1

POSS: pa155. pair 1'.5 SE: 9.5,10.5; 40"; 120. third * (m13) 1'.5 S of gx, 40" from m10.5 *.

UGC: pa152.

15cm - nice and easy. 1'.5x0'.75. broad brtr nuc region. distinct edges.

- another Aries gx nr a br *, this time a wide pair vis @ 30x along w/gx. 80x shows third * nrly in line w/two brtr, who are in pa120. 140x: gx in pa155 (wedge of 45 deg wrt to pair). length about as long or sl longer than length of all three *s. mod even concen but a few vf *ings occas. sm inconsp nrly circ core. sub*ar nuc even less consp. vf (m14.5?) pair 5' N looks neb occas, as though a comp gx. BS, 7Nov1988, Anderson Mesa.

25cm - fairly br. immed upon a wide pair on the SW. elong SE-NW, 1'.5x0'.75. brtst part off-center to NW. fntr extns to SE. core elong and vmuch brtr.

30cm - nice. elong pa165, 2'.2x1'. pretty br, good concen but not nuc. 220x shows broad even light w/lg core. occas f *ar nuc off-center to E. inner parts of core are granular. three *s SW & S of gx lined up in pa120 ~1' apart, decreasing in mag going to SE.

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

(no date)

16-inch f/10 SCT (290x)

Oval spiral in a NW-SE direction, with a bright core. Very soft and hazy around the edges. Few stars on the SW extreme edge, brightest 9.5magnitude. I estimate the size about 3'x1and a half'.

Tom Bryant

2011 3 1 19:7:6

Observing site: Little Bennett Regional Park

Telescope: C-11

[2h 34m 12s, 29 19m 0s] A faint streak, just NE of a pair or stars. Burnham: Sc/pec

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