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RA: 00h 03m 14.91s
Dec: +16° 08′ 43.5″
Ch: MSA:198, U2:170, SA:17
Type: galaxy, Sab
Mag: B=12, V=?
Size: 5.495′ x 2.57′
NGC 7814. See IC 5378.
Synonyms: H II-240
Discovered in 1784 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "pF, pL, iR, easily resolvable."
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads EON,BM,NEQDKLN.
Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Burnhams V3 p1391, Astronomy mag. 11/85 p106.
Tom Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes the magnitude as 11.0 and comments: "5'x 1' extent; edge-on spiral with dust lane; 2.5 degrees WNW of 3M Gamma PEG, the SE corner of the "Great Square"; soft slash with little brighter center; dust lane barely visible at >300x; bright star 12' to NW is 7.2M SAO 108979; Photo @ BCH-III-1391"
This galaxy lies within the Square of Pegasus. It appears edge on, and small telescopes will immediately show it as a bright oval blob of 10th magnitude about 6' long. The object is especially noteworthy because of its distinct thin band of dust which cuts a dark line through the long axis of the oval. This lane can be seen with a 6-inch reflector.
Steve Coe, using a 13.1" f/5.6, notes: "NGC 7814 Bright, large, elongated and brighter in the middle. The arms are very mottled at 135X."
Observer: Todd Gross; Your skill: Intermediate ; Date and UT of observation: 08/09/97 0645 GMT; Location & latitude: 22 miles west of Boston, Ma. 42.3N; Site classification: Suburban; Limiting magnitude (visual): 4.9 (estimated) 4.9(est) in vicinity of object; Seeing (1 to 10 - worst-best): 6; Moon up (phase?): No; Instrument: 16" Dob, 96%, 99% coatings; Magnifications: 94, 123, 204 (estimated mags); Filters used:; Object: NGC7814
Small, moderately bright , irregular shaped splat of light
Observer: Michael Wirths; Your skills: Intermediate (some years); Date/time of observation: Aug 13/98 11:30-12:30est; Location of site: Perth Ontario Canada (Lat 45 n, Elev 500'?); Site classification: Rural; Sky darkness: 6.5 Limiting magnitude; Seeing: 7 1-10 Seeing Scale (10 best); Moon presence: None - moon not in sky; Instrument: 25" Obsession; Magnification: 118,353x; Filter(s): none; Object(s): NGC 7814; Category: External galaxy.; Class: Sa2; Constellation: Peg
Description: Pictures of this edge on spiral show a squatter version of 4565 with a denser nucleus and shorter arms and fine pencil thin dust lanes extending up to the center. When I viewed the galaxy it was only about 30 deg above the horizon so I'm sure extinction cut down on what I could see. At low power a fairly bright but featureless elongated oval was seen, but at high power the dust lane was seen extending through the galaxy along with very short arms during moments of better seeing. I'll have to try again for this galaxy later in the fall when its better placed for viewing, maybe by that time I'll have the 19mm Panoptic I'm looking for since I don't have a medium power eyepiece. I suspect that a mid-range magnification would have given the best view.
POSS: m11 * 5'.8 N. m9 *s 2'.36 sep.
Lick: m13.5 pair 3'.9 S, 44" sep in pa210. brtr (m9) pair 7'.7 SW.
15cm - easy. somewhat elong, 2'.75-3' long. brtr 1' core, gran.
- mod br & lg gx. 140x: pa125, 5'x2' or at most extreme about distance to m12 * N (brtr of two there). brtr part approx sep of two m9 *s SW plotted on AE and U2000. vsmooth texture, mod-strong even concen in oval core--- no consp nuc. extreme halo sharply pointed while core is Jupiter-shaped oval. BS, 6Sep1989, Anderson Mesa.
25cm - vbr, round. at least 1.5 mag brtr than S-A mag, about 11.0 total. 1'.5 diam. gran w/spots and *ings.
- seen @ 47x. lg, fairly br. round, 2' diam, broadly concen core. * or nuc off-center to N.
30cm - easy @ 149x in a rich fld. just NE of m9.5 pair. S 5' is nice pair of m13.5 *s. 238x shows elong pa145, halo has vlosfcbr. 1' circ core. 3' diam overall. well concen but w/o nuc.
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