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NGC 7582 (17,731 of 18,816)

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Grus Quartet (NGC 7582)

NGC 7582, ESO 291-16, LEDA 71001, MCG-07-47-029, SGC 231538-4238.6 (in Grus Quartet), h 3978, GC 4927

RA: 23h 18m 23.49s
Dec: −42° 22′ 14.1″

Con: Grus
Ch: MSA:1444, U2:415, SA:23

Ref: SIMBAD

(reference key)

Type: galaxy (Seyfert 2), SBab

Mag: B=11.4, V=10.63

Size: 5.37′ x 2.344′
PA: 157°

History and Accurate Positions for the NGC/IC Objects (Corwin 2004)

NGC 7582. See IC 5308 = NGC 7599.

Historical observations

John Herschel (1847) Cape Observations

Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, L, pmE, gbM."

Published comments

Stewart (1908) Ann.Harv.Coll.Obs., 60 (6)

Table IV: Pos. in dec corrected.

Reynolds, J.H. (1921)

Reynolds, J.H. (1921) The spiral nebulae in the zone 40° to 90° (from the Franklin-Adams Plates). MNRAS, 81, 598.

Table p 601: 4x1/5; pa90; "BN"

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 22 (1921)

pB, 3'x0.5', E 155deg, sharp B stell.N., rather irr.spiral showing absorption.

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 38 (1935)

Confirms HOB 22.

Shapley, H. & Paraskevopoulos, J.S. (1940)

Galactic and Extragalactic Studies, III. Photographs of thirty southern nebulae and clusters. Proc. N.A.S., 26, 31-36.

Shapley, H. & Ames, A. (1932)

Shapley, H. & Ames, A. (1932) A survey of the external galaxies brighter than the thirteenth magnitude. Annals Harvard College Obs., 88(2), 43.

Position given in NGC corrected by that published by Reinmuth's Die Herschel Nebel.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1956)

De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).

It forms part of the Grus Quartet (NGC 7552, NGC 7582, NGC 7590, NGC 7599)

Sandage

(1975(Astrophysical Journal, 202, 563-582) notes that this galaxy is a member of the IC 1459 Grus Group. Members include NGC 7410, NGC 7412, NGC 7418, NGC 7421, NGC 7424, NGC 7496, NGC 7531, NGC 7552, NGC 7582, NGC 7590, NGC 7599, IC 1459, IC 5267, IC 5269 & IC 5273.

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

(Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads EL,B,HISB,SPN,PEC SPN,DIFPERIPH.

Shobbrook (1966)

(1966, Mon. Not. R. astr. Soc., Vol 131, p351-363) notes that this member of the Grus Cluster has V = 11.15, B-V = 0.81 and U-B = 0.22. It measures 4.4 by 1.6.

de Vaucouleurs, G. et al. (1991) Third Ref. Cat. of Bright Galaxies (RC3)

This galaxy is listed in the "Third Reference Catalogue of Bright Galaxies" as having an outer ring of 4.25 arcminute diameter.

Photo index

by Jim Lucyk: Ast.Obj.for South.Tel. (Hartung, 1984), Cat.of South.Peculiar Gal.and Ass. Vol 2 (Arp&Madore, 1987) p17.4, Cat.of South.Peculiar Gal.and Ass. Vol 2 (Arp&Madore, 1987) p18.6.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975)

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

Grus Cloud:

Possible foreground object: IC 5332 (in Sculptor group?)

Brightest members: NGC 7552 ( B(0) = 11.44), NGC 7424 ( B(0) = 11.46), NGC 7410 ( B(0) = 11.61), IC 5267 ( B(0) = 11.65), NGC 7582 ( B(0) = 11.84).

Modern observations

Clarke, W.P. (1992)

William P. Clarke (San Diego, California, USA) writes in the The Webb Society Nebulae and Clusters Section Report No. 11, January 1993: "Closely spaced group of three galaxies [NGC 7582, 7590 & NGC 7599]. NGC 7582 is extended N.p.-S.f. and does not have a distinct nucleus. The NGC 7590-9 pair are N.f. NGC 7582. They are both extended Sp-Nf with NGC 7590 half the size of NGC 7599. There is a star between the two and another in the north end of NGC 7590. (10-inch Newtonian, x80)."

Hartung, E.J. (1968) Astron.Obj.South.Tel

Hartung notes: "This striking field contains in an area about 16' across three fairly bright spindles differently orientated, all visible with 10.5cm. In order of RA: 4'x1' pa 150 deg; 2' x 0.7' pa 45 deg; 4' x 2' pa 50 deg. The second is the brightest, and the third the faintest and most diffuse."

Tom Lorenzin

Tom Lorenzin, in the e-version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "12.0M; 4'x 2' extent; axis oriented NNW-SSE; no obs. data yet; look for SP GAL N7590 (12.5M; 2'x 1' extent) 10' to NE with fairly bright star on NE tip; look for ENE-WSW-oriented SP GAL N7599 (12M; 3'x 1' extent) 4' further E and a bit S with small stars involved; all should make fine trio in medium-x field; see photo Shapgal-202."

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty faint, large, elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 45 and not much brighter in the middle at 100X. Forms a nice triple galaxy with NGCs 7590 and 7599."

Brian Skiff

Canterbury: pa160.

ESO: pa157.

15cm - lg br gx, wmost of Gru trio. m13-13.5 * off W side. 140x: 4'x1'.5 in pa160. strong broad concen to distinctly mottled core. f * or *ar nuc outstanding. another * or knot sup NNW side 1/2way out to tip. BS, 14Nov1993, LCO.

30cm - nice, velong in pa160, 3'x1'. core elong and broken up into two or three parts, spots about 30" across, uneven. 220x: core not as obviously partitioned.

Contemporary observations

Richard Ford

2012 December 15th, Sat

Location:Perdeberg.

Sky Conditions:The fainter parts of the Milky Way are barely visible.Haziness only visible on the horizon.Atmosphere stable with little interference.

Instrument:12-inch Dobsonian.

The shape of this galaxy is vaguely long with an extension on both sides and that this galaxy's shape is somewhat elongated.The nuclues of this galaxy is comparitively tight and well defined and that there are some areas of uneven brightness being seen on the far outskirts of this galaxy.There are a few darker areas within the outskirts of this galaxy.The nucleus is brighter compared to the far outskirts of this galaxy.This galaxy measures 5'x 0.8'with PA NNW-to-SSE.Challenge Rating:Difficult.Chart:No.143,NSOG Vol.3.

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