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Type: galaxy, Sb
Mag: B=11.57, V=?
Size: 3.548′ x 1.905′
Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, lE, glbM, 2.5' long, 1.5' broad." On a second occassion he called it "pB, L, E, first g then pslbM, 3' long, 2' broad."
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
Includes NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 groups. Foreground: NGC 7090, IC 5152, IC 5201. Background: NGC 6970.
Brightest members: NGC 7213 ( B(0) = 11.57), NGC 7205 ( B(0) = 11.70), NGC 7049 ( B(0) = 12.04), NGC 7083 ( B(0) = 12.14), NGC 7144 ( B(0) = 12.15).
De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.5 mag galaxy.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Pavo-Indus Cloud includes the NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 Groups. Foreground members are NGC 7090, IC 5152 & IC 5201. NGC 6970 is a background member. The five brightest members of the Pavo-Indus Cloud are NGC 7213, NGC 7205, NGC 7049, NGC 7083 & NGC 7144.
Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Rev.Shapley-Ames Cat.of Bright Gal. (Sandage,Tammann 1981) p123.
Included in the CCD-atlas of Ryder S.D. & Dopita M.A. (1993) "An H-alpha Atlas of Nearby Southern Spiral Galaxies" Astrophys.J.Suppl. 88, 415. They note: "."
15cm - lg mod br gx @ 80x, oval elong in pa60. 140x: 2'.5x1', lenght = 1/3
sep of m9 * SW and m11 * NE, 2.5:1 ratio obviously. mod broad concen
w/o core, but voccas *ar nuc. appearance like binocular view of M33.
BS, 10Nov1993, LCO.
22 August 1998, Farm site, Meade 8" with a 18mm wide angle & 26mm Plossl, 36' fov, Sky Conditions: Clear 7 to 8 magnitude
Medium size, pretty faint, elongated ( west to east and 2x3), roundish soft light. Located between stars, with some structure (dark points) getting gradually brighter to a not so bright nucleus.
12-inch f/10 SCT (76x)
This soft haze in an elongated shape NE-SW direction looks slightly thicker towards the SW side. The NE tip is ruining out to a point. Three stars in a row to the west point towards NGC 7205A which I suspect as a diffuse spot with averted vision.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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