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RA: 21h 36m 28.64s
Dec: −54° 33′ 24.3″
Ch: MSA:1487, U2:438, SA:26
Type: galaxy, Sc
Mag: B=11.1, V=10.51
Size: 7.762′ x 1.318′
Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, L, vmE in pos 127.1 degrees, first gradually then pslbM to a v feeble nucleus; 4' long, 40 arcseconds broad, has a star 11m preceding."
Reynolds, J.H. (1921) The spiral nebulae in the zone –40° to –90° (from the Franklin-Adams Plates). MNRAS, 81, 598.
p 600: "The following spirals call for special description on account of their size:
Bright, well-defined spindle."
Table, p601. 8x1, pa 130 "! B"
De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.5 mag galaxy.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Pavo-Indus Cloud includes the NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 Groups. Foreground members are NGC 7090, IC 5152 & IC 5201. NGC 6970 is a background member. The five brightest members of the Pavo-Indus Cloud are NGC 7213, NGC 7205, NGC 7049, NGC 7083 & NGC 7144.
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
Includes NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 groups. Foreground: NGC 7090, IC 5152, IC 5201. Background: NGC 6970.
Brightest members: NGC 7213 ( B(0) = 11.57), NGC 7205 ( B(0) = 11.70), NGC 7049 ( B(0) = 12.04), NGC 7083 ( B(0) = 12.14), NGC 7144 ( B(0) = 12.15).
Hartung notes: "In a field with a few scattered stars on a very faint ground is a moderately bright lengthened haze at least 5' x 0.5' in pa 130 deg rising somewhat to the axis but without a bright nucleus. 20cm deals fairly well with it and 15cm shows a faint streak."
15cm - nice long, thin spindle @ 80x. 140x: 4'x0'.4 in pa130 w/wk broad concen
along maj axis. no cen bulge or prom nuc. m14-14.5 * on maj axis SE end,
gx extends past this *. length 1.5x sep of m12.5-13 *s W & NW, or about
sep of * NW and m14 * on gx. BS, 10Nov1993, LCO.
RA: 21h36m27s - DEC: -54o33'20" - Magnitude: 11.4 - Size: 7.3'x1.2'
Tel: 12" S/C – 218x - 346x - Date: 21 August 2009 – Seeing 5.7
A very lovely slender, quite outstanding galaxy. A prominent 10 magnitude star on the south west edge of the haze give the impression of a supernova linker in the outskirts. With high power the surface brightness became granular. A lovely bright and one of the best examples of a edge on galaxy.
22 August 1998, Farm site, Meade 8" with a 18mm wide angle & 26mm Plossl, 36' fov, Sky Conditions: Clear 7 to 8 magnitude
Large, bright beautiful spindle galaxy. About 4 in length will fit into the field of view, so I estimate it about 6 to 7 arc minutes. Bright stars to the east following with some more bright stars to the north and some haziness around. Near the west edge but still inside this galaxy a few faint stars can be seen.
12-inch f/10 SCT (218x, 346x)
Very much elongated in a NW-SE direction. Just slightly brighter to the middle and running out more thinner to the NW. The SE side is fatter and rounded more off. A minute star can be seen embedded into the NW half of the galaxy halfway between the point edge and the nucleus.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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