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Full database:

Entire DOCdb database of 18,816 objects.



NGC 7090 (16,798 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 7090

NGC 7090, AM 2133-544, ESO 188-12, LEDA 67045, SGC 213259-5446.9, h 3872, GC 4679

RA: 21h 36m 28.64s
Dec: −54° 33′ 24.3″

Con: Indus
Ch: MSA:1487, U2:438, SA:26


(reference key)

Type: galaxy, Sc

Mag: B=11.1, V=10.51

Size: 7.762′ x 1.318′
PA: 127°

Historical observations

John Herschel (1847) Cape Observations

Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, L, vmE in pos 127.1 degrees, first gradually then pslbM to a v feeble nucleus; 4' long, 40 arcseconds broad, has a star 11m preceding."

Published comments

Reynolds, J.H. (1921)

Reynolds, J.H. (1921) The spiral nebulae in the zone 40° to 90° (from the Franklin-Adams Plates). MNRAS, 81, 598.

p 600: "The following spirals call for special description on account of their size:

Bright, well-defined spindle."

Table, p601. 8x1, pa 130 "! B"

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1956)

De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.5 mag galaxy.

Sandage, A. et al. (1975) Galaxies and the Universe

G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Pavo-Indus Cloud includes the NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 Groups. Foreground members are NGC 7090, IC 5152 & IC 5201. NGC 6970 is a background member. The five brightest members of the Pavo-Indus Cloud are NGC 7213, NGC 7205, NGC 7049, NGC 7083 & NGC 7144.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975)

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

Pavo-Indus Cloud:

Includes NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 groups. Foreground: NGC 7090, IC 5152, IC 5201. Background: NGC 6970.

Brightest members: NGC 7213 ( B(0) = 11.57), NGC 7205 ( B(0) = 11.70), NGC 7049 ( B(0) = 12.04), NGC 7083 ( B(0) = 12.14), NGC 7144 ( B(0) = 12.15).

Modern observations

Hartung, E.J. (1968) Astron.Obj.South.Tel

Hartung notes: "In a field with a few scattered stars on a very faint ground is a moderately bright lengthened haze at least 5' x 0.5' in pa 130 deg rising somewhat to the axis but without a bright nucleus. 20cm deals fairly well with it and 15cm shows a faint streak."

Brian Skiff

15cm - nice long, thin spindle @ 80x. 140x: 4'x0'.4 in pa130 w/wk broad concen

along maj axis. no cen bulge or prom nuc. m14-14.5 * on maj axis SE end,

gx extends past this *. length 1.5x sep of m12.5-13 *s W & NW, or about

sep of * NW and m14 * on gx. BS, 10Nov1993, LCO.

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

21 August 2009


RA: 21h36m27s - DEC: -54o33'20" - Magnitude: 11.4 - Size: 7.3'x1.2'

Tel: 12" S/C 218x - 346x - Date: 21 August 2009 Seeing 5.7

A very lovely slender, quite outstanding galaxy. A prominent 10 magnitude star on the south west edge of the haze give the impression of a supernova linker in the outskirts. With high power the surface brightness became granular. A lovely bright and one of the best examples of a edge on galaxy.

1998 August 22

22 August 1998, Farm site, Meade 8" with a 18mm wide angle & 26mm Plossl, 36' fov, Sky Conditions: Clear 7 to 8 magnitude

Large, bright beautiful spindle galaxy. About 4 in length will fit into the field of view, so I estimate it about 6 to 7 arc minutes. Bright stars to the east following with some more bright stars to the north and some haziness around. Near the west edge but still inside this galaxy a few faint stars can be seen.

2006 June 24


12-inch f/10 SCT (218x, 346x)

Conditions: Good

Very much elongated in a NW-SE direction. Just slightly brighter to the middle and running out more thinner to the NW. The SE side is fatter and rounded more off. A minute star can be seen embedded into the NW half of the galaxy halfway between the point edge and the nucleus.

Favourite lists

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