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Type: galaxy, Sb
Mag: B=11.8, V=11.04
Size: 3.467′ x 1.995′
James Dunlop discovered this object from Paramatta, New South Wales, and included it as No. 263 in his catalogue of 1827. Using a 9-inch f/12 telescope, he described it as "a small faint round nebula, 20 arcseconds diameter, a little brighter in the middle, following a group of pretty bright stars."
Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, pL, R, gbM, 1'." On a second occassion he called it "F, L, R of lE, vgpmbM, 1', resolvable, with long attention it appears mottled. Perhaps Dunlop 263, with 3 minute correction in RA."
Reynolds, J.H. (1921) The spiral nebulae in the zone –40° to –90° (from the Franklin-Adams Plates). MNRAS, 81, 598.
Table, p601. 3x1.5; pa 10
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
Includes NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 groups. Foreground: NGC 7090, IC 5152, IC 5201. Background: NGC 6970.
Brightest members: NGC 7213 ( B(0) = 11.57), NGC 7205 ( B(0) = 11.70), NGC 7049 ( B(0) = 12.04), NGC 7083 ( B(0) = 12.14), NGC 7144 ( B(0) = 12.15).
De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).
A supernova erupted in this galaxy in 1983 (18.0pg)
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Pavo-Indus Cloud includes the NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 Groups. Foreground members are NGC 7090, IC 5152 & IC 5201. NGC 6970 is a background member. The five brightest members of the Pavo-Indus Cloud are NGC 7213, NGC 7205, NGC 7049, NGC 7083 & NGC 7144.
15cm - fairly br @ 80x. 140x: 3'x1'.2 in pa10. m14 * nr S tip just W of maj
axis. light distrib somewhat asym: fairly smooth oval outline on S,
more nrly circ fat core, then thinner spiky halo to N that is fntr in
any case. diffuse texture, overall concen mod-even. BS, 8Nov1993, LCO.
Alldays (22.50S, 20.12E, 770m).
12-inch f/10 SCT (218x, 346x)
Very much in a N-S direction. This soft haze slowly brighten to a brighter nucleus.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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