sponsored by psychohistorian.org
Type: galaxy, Sb
Mag: B=11.8, V=11.04
Size: 3.467′ x 1.995′
James Dunlop discovered this object from Paramatta, New South Wales, and included it as No. 263 in his catalogue of 1827. Using a 9-inch f/12 telescope, he described it as "a small faint round nebula, 20 arcseconds diameter, a little brighter in the middle, following a group of pretty bright stars."
Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, pL, R, gbM, 1'." On a second occassion he called it "F, L, R of lE, vgpmbM, 1', resolvable, with long attention it appears mottled. Perhaps Dunlop 263, with 3 minute correction in RA."
Reynolds, J.H. (1921) The spiral nebulae in the zone –40° to –90° (from the Franklin-Adams Plates). MNRAS, 81, 598.
Table, p601. 3x1.5; pa 10
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
Includes NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 groups. Foreground: NGC 7090, IC 5152, IC 5201. Background: NGC 6970.
Brightest members: NGC 7213 ( B(0) = 11.57), NGC 7205 ( B(0) = 11.70), NGC 7049 ( B(0) = 12.04), NGC 7083 ( B(0) = 12.14), NGC 7144 ( B(0) = 12.15).
De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).
A supernova erupted in this galaxy in 1983 (18.0pg)
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Pavo-Indus Cloud includes the NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 Groups. Foreground members are NGC 7090, IC 5152 & IC 5201. NGC 6970 is a background member. The five brightest members of the Pavo-Indus Cloud are NGC 7213, NGC 7205, NGC 7049, NGC 7083 & NGC 7144.
15cm - fairly br @ 80x. 140x: 3'x1'.2 in pa10. m14 * nr S tip just W of maj
axis. light distrib somewhat asym: fairly smooth oval outline on S,
more nrly circ fat core, then thinner spiky halo to N that is fntr in
any case. diffuse texture, overall concen mod-even. BS, 8Nov1993, LCO.
Alldays (22.50S, 20.12E, 770m).
12-inch f/10 SCT (218x, 346x)
Very much in a N-S direction. This soft haze slowly brighten to a brighter nucleus.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
DOCdb is still in beta-release.
Known issues, feature requests, and updates on bug fixes, are here:
Found a bug? Have a comment or suggestion to improve DOCdb? Please let us know!
DOCdb is a free online resource that exists to promote deep sky observing.
You could help by sharing your observations, writing an article, digitizing and proof-reading historical material, and more.
Everything on DOCdb.net is © 2004-2010 by Auke Slotegraaf, unless stated otherwise or if you can prove you have divine permission to use it. Before using material published here, please consult the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.5 License. Some material on DOCdb is copyright the individual authors. If in doubt, don't reproduce. And that goes for having children, too. Please note that the recommended browser for DOCdb is Firefox 3.x. You may also get good results with K-Meleon. Good luck if you're using IE. A successful experience with other browsers, including Opera and Safari, may vary.