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Type: galaxy (in cluster), S0
Mag: B=11.8, V=10.74
Size: 4.365′ x 2.884′
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James Dunlop discovered this object from Paramatta, New South Wales, and included it as No. 406 in his catalogue of 1827. Using a 9-inch f/12 telescope, he described it as "a small round nebula, about 12 or 15 arcseconds diameter, very bright immediately at the centre, resembling a small star surrounded by an atmosphere. This is N.f. a star of the 6th magnitude."
Observed by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "B, R, pgmbM, 1'." On a second occassion he called it "vB, pS, pmE, psvmbM, 25 arcseconds long, 15 arcseconds broad."
Evans, D.S. (1952) Surface Photometry of Southern Elliptical Nebulae. MNRAS, 112, 606.
Identifies the galaxy as spiral; "has not very well-developed arms but shows a well-defined lane of obscuration round the nucleus."
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
Includes NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 groups. Foreground: NGC 7090, IC 5152, IC 5201. Background: NGC 6970.
Brightest members: NGC 7213 ( B(0) = 11.57), NGC 7205 ( B(0) = 11.70), NGC 7049 ( B(0) = 12.04), NGC 7083 ( B(0) = 12.14), NGC 7144 ( B(0) = 12.15).
De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).
Sandage (1975(Astrophysical Journal, 202, 563-582) notes that this galaxy is a member of the NGC 7049 Indus Triplet. Members include NGC 7029, NGC 7041 & NGC 7049.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Pavo-Indus Cloud includes the NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 Groups. Foreground members are NGC 7090, IC 5152 & IC 5201. NGC 6970 is a background member. The five brightest members of the Pavo-Indus Cloud are NGC 7213, NGC 7205, NGC 7049, NGC 7083 & NGC 7144.
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy.
Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Cat.of South.Peculiar Gal.and Ass. Vol 2 (Arp&Madore, 1987) p17.22.
Hartung notes: "This is a small but conspicuous round haze about 40 arcsec across with considerably brighter centre . . the field is scattered with small stars . . 10.5cm shows it is a faint hazy spot."
15cm - fairly br gx @ 80x. 140x: sl oval elong pa70, 1'.5x1'.2 w/strong even
concen to *ar nuc. BS, 13Nov1993, LCO.
12-inch f/10 SCT (95x 218x 346x)
This is a bright galaxy with a high surface brightness. Slightly oval in shape that displays a hazy north-western side and flatter south-eastern side. Higher magnification brings to the fore a strong outstanding nucleus. The galaxy NGC 7041 seen 25’ towards the north-west displays only a small round haze with no detail.
16-inch f/10 SCT (127x, 290x)
Soft relative bright with outstanding nucleus easy visible. A lovely L shape or Capricornus shape folds around the galaxy to the north. High surface brightness and a compact nucleus.
12-inch f/10 SCT (218x, 346x)
Seen as a fussy star with a small halo around it. Towards the north of the galaxy a string of 5 more or less 10Magnitude stars over rule the field of view in a E-W direction.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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