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Type: galaxy, Sa
Mag: B=13.3, V=12.68
Size: 1.38′ x 0.87′
Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "pB, S, lE, gmbM, 18 arcseconds long."
Bergwall et.al. (1978(Astron. Astrophys. Suppl. 33, 243-255) gives this galaxy's B-magnitude in the Johnson system as 13.34. They note that there is an H II region about 18 arcseconds due east of the centre of the galaxy. Photoelectric UBV measurements give V=12.780 for a 44'' diaphragm, V=13.292 for a 22'' diaphragm and V=14.008 for a 11'' diaphragm.
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
Includes NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 groups. Foreground: NGC 7090, IC 5152, IC 5201. Background: NGC 6970.
Brightest members: NGC 7213 ( B(0) = 11.57), NGC 7205 ( B(0) = 11.70), NGC 7049 ( B(0) = 12.04), NGC 7083 ( B(0) = 12.14), NGC 7144 ( B(0) = 12.15).
De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 13.5 mag galaxy.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Pavo-Indus Cloud includes the NGC 7079 and NGC 7213 Groups. Foreground members are NGC 7090, IC 5152 & IC 5201. NGC 6970 is a background member. The five brightest members of the Pavo-Indus Cloud are NGC 7213, NGC 7205, NGC 7049, NGC 7083 & NGC 7144.
16-inch f/10 SCT (127x, 290x)
This is a very small very faint roundish galaxy slowly getting brighter to a just seen nucleus. Barely visible 1.5', with faint stars which underline the galaxy 4' to the south.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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