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Type: galaxy, SB0
Mag: B=12, V=?
Size: 1.445′ x 0.851′
Synonyms: H III-118
Discovered in 1784 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "The two most south of three. ... The most southern [NGC 5079] eF, eS. Verified with 240 power." The objects involved in this grouping are NGC 5076, 5077 and NGC 5079. This 12.7 mag galaxy was observed by John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "faint, small, round. The 3rd of a group of 3."
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads SLEL,HISB,VKNYPCHY.
Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "I have no idea which of the galaxies in this field is NGC 5079. There are two objects that are pretty faint and round, the other three are very faint and round. One galaxy has a somewhat brighter middle at 135X, all the rest are not bright by any interpretation of that word. If for some reason you are looking for a field with lots of faint galaxies, try this one."
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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