sponsored by psychohistorian.org

DOCdb

Deep Sky Observer's Companion – the online database

 

Welcome, guest!

If you've already registered, please log in,

or register an observer profile for added functionality.

List:

log in to manage your observing lists

 browse:

 

 position:

 

 next:

 

 options:

summary

rename

prune

trim

remove

close

copy

combine

plan

bookmark

load

new

delete

marathon

favourite!

Full database:

Entire DOCdb database of 18,816 objects.

 browse:

 position:

NGC 4740 (18,688 of 18,816)

 next:

oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost

Object:

list

bookmark

finder chart

altitude today

altitude (year)

 search:

½°, 2°, 5° in DOCdb


Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/yivumoo/public_html/show_object.php on line 167

show browsing

NGC 4740

NGC 4740

History and Accurate Positions for the NGC/IC Objects (Corwin 2004)

NGC 4740 = NGC 4727. Swift found this during his fourth year (1887 on 27 April) of chasing down faint, "new" nebulae. He gives a position that is about 50 seconds of time west but only half an arcmin south of that for NGC 4727, the brightest galaxy in the area. His description "pF, pS, R, mbM" fits N4727 better than any of the other three galaxies here, including IC 3834, taken by nearly everyone (including me during my sweeping for ESGC) as NGC 4740.

Howe suggested, and a short note from Swift published by Howe in Monthly Notices for 1899 seems to concur, that NGC 4740 is actually NGC 4726. But Tempel's observation of NGC 4726 (which see) clearly rules this out -- he places N4726 just four arcmin north of N4724 and N4727, a close pair found by the Herschel's. With IC 3834 being another 45 seconds of time east, it's extremely unlikely to be Tempel's galaxy.

Bigourdan did not find NGC 4740 at its NGC place, of course. I checked the other nebulae found by Swift that night -- there were none, at least found by Lewis Swift. His son Edward, then a teenager, actually found four new nebulae on the 27th: NGC 4544, 4633, 4969, and 5309. With the exception of NGC 5309 (which see), these all follow Swift's positions by about 18 seconds of time, and are south by about 30 arcsec (N5309, assuming we have the correct galaxy, follows by 29 seconds, but has a 10 arcmin digit error putting it south by 9 arcmin 10 arcsec).

NGC 4727 precedes Swift's position by 50 seconds, so does not agree with the mean RA offset of Edward's nebulae. However, it is indeed 30 arcsec south of Swift's position. (Did Lewis or Edward determine the positions for Edward's discoveries? Lewis does not say in his papers, but because these positions are no improvement over his father's, I would guess that Lewis did them.)

I don't think we can make much of this comparison with the mean offsets, though, since N5309 also breaks the pattern, and since N4740 was the only galaxy which Lewis Swift himself found that night.

However, of the four galaxies in the area, NGC 4727 -- by far -- comes closest to fitting Swift's description. Thus, I am, in spite of a few misgivings, I am pretty well convinced that NGC 4740 is just another observation of N4727.

Published comments

Shapley, H. & Paraskevopoulos, J.S. (1940)

Shapley, H. & Paraskevopoulos, J.S. (1940) Southern clusters and galaxies. Harvard Obs. Bull., No.914, 6-8.

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

(Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a galaxy. Their coded description reads ALMSTEL,COMORKN PR.

Favourite lists

Lacaille's catalogue

The Messier objects

Dunlop's catalogue

The Bennett objects

The Caldwell list

Named DSOs

Object search

First search phrase

    and

Second search phrase

Type of object to include:

open cluster
globular cluster
planetary nebula
bright nebula
dark nebula
galaxy
galaxy cluster
asterism & stars
unverified/lost
nova

The Bug Report

DOCdb is still in beta-release.

Known issues, feature requests, and updates on bug fixes, are here:

> Bug Report

Feedback

Found a bug? Have a comment or suggestion to improve DOCdb? Please let us know!

> Contact us

Help!

DOCdb is a free online resource that exists to promote deep sky observing.

You could help by sharing your observations, writing an article, digitizing and proof-reading historical material, and more.

> Find out more

Everything on DOCdb.net is © 2004-2010 by Auke Slotegraaf, unless stated otherwise or if you can prove you have divine permission to use it. Before using material published here, please consult the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.5 License. Some material on DOCdb is copyright the individual authors. If in doubt, don't reproduce. And that goes for having children, too. Please note that the recommended browser for DOCdb is Firefox 3.x. You may also get good results with K-Meleon. Good luck if you're using IE. A successful experience with other browsers, including Opera and Safari, may vary.