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NGC 289 (580 of 18,816)

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NGC 289

NGC 289, AM 0050-312, ESO 411-25, LEDA 3089, MCG-05-03-010, SGC 005017-3128.6, VV 484, h 2355, GC 163

RA: 00h 52m 41.7s
Dec: −31° 12′ 28″

Con: Sculptor
Ch: MSA:386, U2:351, SA:18

Ref: SIMBAD

(reference key)

Type: galaxy (emission-line), SBbc

Mag: B=11.58, V=?

Size: 5.128′ x 3.981′
PA: 130°

Historical observations

John Herschel (1847) Cape Observations

This 11.6 mag galaxy was discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "very bright; large; pretty much elongated; oval; 90 arcsec across; has a star 11th mag preceding." On one occasion he called it "suddenly brighter in the middle" and on another only "gradually a little brighter toward the middle."

Published comments

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 15 (1915)

pF, 2'x1.5', EN, open spir.

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 38 (1935)

F, 1'x1.5', open spiral, with a pF spindle like N, vlE 95deg, and 2 fairly distinct and extended whirls showng some condensations and absorptions. See HOB15.

Knox Shaw, H. (1915)

Knox Shaw, H. (1915) Note on the nebulae and star clusters shown on the Franklin-Adams plates. M.N.R.A.S., 76(2), 105-107.

Comments on papers by Harding (MNRAS, 74(8)), and Melotte (MemRAS 60(5)) describing objects foundon the Franklin-Adams plates; compares with plates taken with the Reynolds reflector (Helwan Obs Bull. 9-15):

NGC 289 is an open spiral. [previously included in Class II-Spindle-shaped Nebulae]

ESO/Upps (Lauberts 1982)

The ESO/Uppsala Survey of the ESO(B) Atlas remarks: "Faint outer arms involved. Small and faint companion 3.4' N.p." The magnitude is listed as 11.58.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) NGC 134 Group

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

This group is close to the south galactic pole and in the vacant centre of the much nearer Sculptor group.

Brightest members: 134 ( B(0) = 11.22), 289 ( B(0) = 11.92), 150 ( B(0) = 12.34), 148 ( B(0) = 12.95), 254 ( B(0) = 12.97).

Photo index

Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Cat.of South.Peculiar Gal.and Ass. Vol 2 (Arp&Madore, 1987) p1.3.

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads S,HISB,BM,TIW BARMS DKLNS VIS.

Sandage, A. et al. (1975) Galaxies and the Universe

G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the five brightest members of the NGC 134 Group are NGC 134, NGC 289, NGC 150, NGC 148 & NGC 254.

Steve Coe, observing with a 17.5" f/4.5 at 100X, notes: "Pretty bright, pretty large, elongated 2 X 1 in PA 165 and gradually brighter in the middle at 135X. There is an 11th mag star on the northern edge. This galaxy grows with averted vision.

Modern observations

Brian Skiff

15cm - fairly br oval gx w/m13 * on N side @ 80x. 140x: 2'x1'.2 elong SSE-NNW,

m13 * close to border. mod even concen to more nrly circ 30" core, but

no br nuc. BS, 15Nov1993, LCO.

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

2006 September 21

Pietersburg

16-inch f/10 SCT (127x, 290x, 463x)

Very much oval shape with a nucleus which is very prominent and small somewhat star like (16" 127x). The nucleus slightly elongated in a E-W direction. The surface slightly mottled. The southern part is very hazy compare to the N side. Faint star 11Magnitude on the western tip of the galaxy (16" 290x).

Tom Bryant

2010 11 5 21:44:40

Observing site: Fall Star Party

Telescope: C-11

[0h 52m 42s, -31 12' 0"] A fairly bright, somewhat tilted Sb (?) spiral. A bit of mottling was glimpsed. B: Sb/Sc.

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