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NGC 254 (521 of 18,816)

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NGC 254

NGC 254, AM 0045-314, ESO 411-15, LEDA 2778, MCG-05-03-005, SGC 004502-3141.6, h 2347, GC 140

RA: 00h 47m 27.5s
Dec: −31° 25′ 19″

Con: Sculptor
Ch: MSA:386, U2:351, SA:18

Ref: SIMBAD

(reference key)

Type: galaxy, S0

Mag: B=12.7, V=11.82

Size: 2.63′ x 1.621′
PA: 137°

Historical observations

John Herschel (1847) Cape Observations

Discovered by Sir John Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "vB, R, gmbM, 40 arcseconds, has a star 8th mag 5' distant." On a second occassion he called it "vB, S, pmE, smbM, has a star 9th mag 5' distant Nf." His third observation was recorded as "B, pS, lE, vsvmbM, has a star 7th mag 5' distant Nf."

Published comments

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 22 (1921)

F, 1.25' x 0.5', E 135 deg, B stell N. in a F structureless oval disc, slightly brighter along its major axis, 10 other small nebulae in field.

ESO/Upps (Lauberts 1982)

The ESO/Uppsala Survey of the ESO(B) Atlas remarks: "Brightest and largest in cluster." The magnitude is given as 12.70.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) NGC 134 Group

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

This group is close to the south galactic pole and in the vacant centre of the much nearer Sculptor group.

Brightest members: 134 ( B(0) = 11.22), 289 ( B(0) = 11.92), 150 ( B(0) = 12.34), 148 ( B(0) = 12.95), 254 ( B(0) = 12.97).

Sandage, A. et al. (1975) Galaxies and the Universe

G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the five brightest members of the NGC 134 Group are NGC 134, NGC 289, NGC 150, NGC 148 & NGC 254.

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 13.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads SLEL,BM,.

Modern observations

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, observing with a 17.5" f/4.5 at 100X, notes: "Faint, small, round, brighter in the middle at 100X. There is a bright star in the field and two dim companion galaxies are nearby. It is misidentified as NGC 259 on Chart 18 of the Tirion Atlas. The error has been corrected on later editions. Burnham's description of this object as "vB" for "very bright" must also be a misprint.

Brian Skiff

15cm - mod br gx w/vbr cen @ 80x. 140x: brtr part oval elong SE-NW w/strong

sharp concen to vbr *ar nuc that seems offset to SE end of core. vf thin

extns to 1'.5 length pop out w/averted vis. 1'.5x1' overall but width

only in core. BS, 15Nov1993, LCO.

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

1998 August

Galaxy, Sculptor

Location: Campsite (23 16 South - 29 26 East).

Telescope: Meade 8" 18mm eyepiece, 36 arcmin f.o.v.

Date: August 1998.

Sky conditions: Not very good.

Description: Roundish, faint, with a starlike nucleus, with a low surface brightness. Bright star and fainter companion about 4 arc minutes to the north.

Tom Bryant

2010 11 5 21:35:18

Observing site: Fall Star Party

Telescope: C-11

[0h 47m 30s, -31 25' 0"] A tilted spiral? 3:1 elongation. Small, bright nucleus. B: E4/S0.

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