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NGC 2080 (3,845 of 18,816)

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Ghost Head Nebula

NGC 2080, ESO 57-12, LHA 120-N 160A, LI-LMC 1503, Ghost Head Nebula, h 2950, GC 1278

RA: 05h 39m 44s
Dec: −69° 38′ 48″

Con: Dorado
Ch: MSA:495, U2:445, SA:24

Ref: SIMBAD

(reference key)

Type: open cluster

Mag: B=?, V=10.42

Size: ?
PA: ?

Historical observations

Dunlop, James (1827)

Sir John Herschel tentatively identifies this as Dunlop 145; James Dunlop observed from Paramatta, New South Wales, and published his catalogue in 1827. Using a 9-inch f/12 telescope he described it as "this is the centre of a large cluster of extremely minute stars, with many very small nebulae in it."

John Herschel (1847) Cape Observations

Observed by Herschel at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He recorded it as "bright, round, double; the other S.p. is faint, round; followed by clustering stars." The other object is NGC 2077.

Published comments

Bailey, S.I. (1908)

"clsuter, small group of *s inv in neb; LMC."

Bailey, S.I. (1908) A catalogue of bright stars and nebulae. Ann.Harv.Coll.Obs., 60(8), 199.

Henize (1956)

Henize (Catalogues of Hydrogen Alpha Emission Stars and Nebulae in the Magellanic Clouds, Astrophysical Journal Supplement 2, 1956, p315) his nebula LH N 120-160A is "NGC 2080 = HD 38436 Pd." The nebula is round, 1.6' across, with a slightly irregular edge and showing slight structural detail.

Shapley & Lindsay (1963)

Shapley and Lindsay ("A Catalogue of Clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud", Irish Astronomical Journal, Vol. 6, 1963) give, for the group NGC 2077 and NGC 2080, a size of 60'' and remark "few stars in very dense nebulosity."

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a cluster+nebulosity in the LMC.

Press releases

ESO PR 1033: "New Tarantula image".

Modern observations

Morel, Mati (1996)

To: netastrocatalog@latrade.com From: Mati MOREL (morel@ozemail.com.au) Observer : M. Morel; Inst. aperture : 25cm; F/ratio : 4.5; Type : Newtonian; Magnification: 330x Field diam. : 13' Filter Type: O III Seeing : 2" Transparency : good Date: 1996 January 20, 12.15 UT [NGC 2079,2080,2083,2084,2086] are clustered together in a small field in the LMC. They are all either emission nebulae or combination emission nebulae and star clusters. NGC 2080 is intensely bright (very high surface brightness). Appears a little bluish, very bright in O III filter. Appears double.

Brian Skiff

15cm - 195x: sm vbr neb and res cl 50" diam, strong UHC enhancement. fifteen

*s m14+ res. BS, 18Nov1993, LCO.

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Lacaille's catalogue

The Messier objects

Dunlop's catalogue

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