sponsored by psychohistorian.org


Deep Sky Observer's Companion – the online database


Welcome, guest!

If you've already registered, please log in,

or register an observer profile for added functionality.


log in to manage your observing lists























Full database:

Entire DOCdb database of 18,816 objects.



NGC 1964 (3,726 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




finder chart

altitude today

altitude (year)


½°, , in DOCdb

Warning: date(): It is not safe to rely on the system's timezone settings. You are *required* to use the date.timezone setting or the date_default_timezone_set() function. In case you used any of those methods and you are still getting this warning, you most likely misspelled the timezone identifier. We selected the timezone 'UTC' for now, but please set date.timezone to select your timezone. in /home/yivumoo/public_html/show_object.php on line 167

show browsing

NGC 1964

NGC 1964, ESO 554-10, LEDA 17436, MCG-04-14-003, SGC 053115-2158.7, IV 21, h 2860, GC 1170

RA: 05h 33m 22s
Dec: −21° 56′ 41″

Con: Lepus
Ch: MSA:350, U2:315, SA:19


(reference key)

Type: galaxy, Sb

Mag: B=11.5, V=10.72

Size: 5.495′ x 2.29′
PA: 32°

Historical observations

William Herschel (c.1784)

Synonyms: H IV-021

Discovered in 1784 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "vS, stellar, very bright nucleus and vF chevelure, not quite central."

John Herschel

John Herschel recorded it as "F, irregularly round, vsbM, to a star 12th mag, 2 or 3 stars involved, and several bright ones near."

NGC/IC Dreyer (1888, 1895, 1908)

The NGC description reads: "faint, very small, round, very suddenly very much brighter towards the middle like a 12th magnitude star, three stars involved".

Published comments

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 15 (1915)

pF, 4'x1', mE 25deg, B stellar nucleus; spiral.

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 21 (1920)

pF, 5'x1.5', mE 25deg, B stellar nucleus, see HOB 15.

Photo index

Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Burnhams V2 p1100, Hubble Atl.of Gal. (Sandage 1961) p22.

Sandage, A. (1961) The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies

This galaxy appears on page 22 of "The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies" by Allan Sandage (1961, Washington, DC).

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.5 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads S,BM,INC,SEV* SUP BWDDIF SPIRAL ARMS.

Modern observations

Ancient City Astron.Club (1980)

Listed by the Herschel Club, described as "nucleus visible, outer area difficult to make out, use averted. Situated with a few field stars close at hand, slight elongation visible. 6-inch, 48x."

Tom Lorenzin

Tom Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "11.8M; 5'x 1.6' extent; large, faint, flat ellipse with much brighter center; axis oriented NNE-SSW; see photo at HAG-22; 100' SE of 3M Beta LEP."

Hartung, E.J. (1968) Astron.Obj.South.Tel

Hartung writes: "In a star-sprinkled field is a fairly conspicuous luminous haze about 2' long and elliptical in PA 45 with a bright stellar nucleus as well as three very faint stars involved S.p. A 4-inch shows little more than the nucleus".

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty bright, small, somewhat elongated, brighter in the middle at 100X. Pretty bright star involved near the core on SW side."

Steve Gottlieb

05 33.4 -21 57

17.5: fairly faint, fairly large, very elongated 3:1 SSW-NNE, unusually

bright stellar nucleus. A mag 13.5 star is at the W edge 0.7' from center

and a mag 14 star is at the SSW edge of the major axis 1.2' from center.

Located just SW of a thin triangle of mag 9.5-10.5 stars, the closest being

mag 9.3 SAO 170546 1.7' NW of center.

13: faint, elongated, small bright nucleus, fairly small, faint halo

surrounded core.

Brian Skiff

T&B: * WSW V=13.2; * SW V=13.7.

Hubble: gx in pa30. * W 39", SW 1'.2, NNE 55".

15cm - fairly f gx nr a triangle of br *s and w/sev other fntr *s sup. gx in

pa45, 2'.2x0'.8 w/wk even concen. close to center is m12 *, core

sufficiently wk that I can't sep it from *. WSW off halo is m13.5 *;

SW nr maj axis is m14 * (dbl?); m15 * on edge of halo along NW-facing

flank, approx N of center. BS, 28Feb1990, LCO.

- mod f oval elong NE-SW @ 80x, sev *s inv. 140x: halo losfcbr, so hard

to give size, plus *s confusing view. m13 * immed NE of fairly f sub*ar

nuc, m14 * E edge of core, m14.5-15 * along W-facing flank on NE side,

m15 * in SW side partway to end. BS, 17Nov1993, LCO.

25cm - 1'.5x0'.6 elong in nrly pa0. nuc like m12.7 *. on W side is m14 *, on N

end of halo just W of central axis is m14.5 *. lentic halo.

30cm - vbr gx. 140x: sub*ar center; halo 3'.2x1' in pa40. 220x: vbr core is

velong, 10"x6" w/br sub*ar nuc. m13.5 * 50" W of center. 1'.5 SW in halo

is sm *ing or *, m14. 1' NNE of center is sl fntr * or *ing, on W side

of halo. halo not concen. gx is SE of SErn tip of acute triangle

pointing S. interesting.

Contemporary observations

Auke Slotegraaf


Observing with a 15.5-inch at 220x the galaxy forms a trapezium with 3 very bright field stars. The galaxy is stellar at first, but then shows extended nebulosity to the north, and to the west lies a bright knot. The knot seems elongated. There is a small star or bright nebulosity to the north of the bright knot. A very interesting object.

Magda Streicher

2006 September 21


16-inch f/10 SCT (101.6x, 127x, 290x)

Slightly elongated soft hazy SSW-NNE oval with more or less the indicated size. The nucleus is quite outstanding, nearly star like in low power (102x). The edges of the oval galaxy is very hazy and fades with nebulosity into the field. Three 10-magnitude stars take a prominent stand to the west and northwest, another one to the SSW, which rounded of this object. Very faint star towards the SW of the nucleus inside the hazy disk.

2006 November 18


12-inch f/10 SCT (76x, 218x, 346x)

Conditions: Good

First impression show this galaxy as a very faint comet, slightly elongated in a SW-NE direction. Higher power brings out the star-like nucleus with a soft hazy edge.

Richard Ford

2011 March, 26th Saturday

Location:Night Sky,Bonnievale.

Instrument:12-inch Dobsonian Reflector Telescope.

Sky Conditions:Whole Milky Way is visible.

Transparency of the Sky:The sky is clean.

Seeing:Atmosphere stable with little interference.

Limiting Magnitude:Magnitude 6.

NGC 1964


Object Type:Galaxy.

First Impression:This object looks like a faint smudge of light.



Chart Number:No.95(Extract taken out of "Star Gazer's Deep Space Atlas").

Size:26mm Super Wide Field Eyepiece:Field Of View:57'/13=4.3'.

20mm Ultra Wide Angle Eyepiece:Field Of View:


4.3'+ 4.3'=8.6'.


Size in Arc Minutes:4.3'.


Major Axis:4.3'.


Minor Axis:1'.

4.3'* 1'.

Brightness:Magnitude 10.8.

Brightness Profile:From the far outskirts of this galaxy the nucleus grows brighter.

Challenge Rating:Very Difficult.



In this galaxy it has a small nucleus with very faint arms which are on the brink of visiblity,although this galaxy looks like a faint smudge of light.The nucleus of this galaxy is strongly concentrated and condensed.However this galaxy looks like a fuzzy object at 75*.

Tom Bryant

2010 11 12 3:35:14

Observing site: Little Tycho Observatory

Telescope: C-8

[5h 33m 24s, -21 57' 0"] A faint, small, round patch gbm. B: Sb, 11.8mv. WkikSky: looks like an SBb to me.

Favourite lists

Lacaille's catalogue

The Messier objects

Dunlop's catalogue

The Bennett objects

The Caldwell list

Named DSOs

Object search

First search phrase


Second search phrase

Type of object to include:

open cluster
globular cluster
planetary nebula
bright nebula
dark nebula
galaxy cluster
asterism & stars

The Bug Report

DOCdb is still in beta-release.

Known issues, feature requests, and updates on bug fixes, are here:

> Bug Report


Found a bug? Have a comment or suggestion to improve DOCdb? Please let us know!

> Contact us


DOCdb is a free online resource that exists to promote deep sky observing.

You could help by sharing your observations, writing an article, digitizing and proof-reading historical material, and more.

> Find out more

Everything on DOCdb.net is © 2004-2010 by Auke Slotegraaf, unless stated otherwise or if you can prove you have divine permission to use it. Before using material published here, please consult the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.5 License. Some material on DOCdb is copyright the individual authors. If in doubt, don't reproduce. And that goes for having children, too. Please note that the recommended browser for DOCdb is Firefox 3.x. You may also get good results with K-Meleon. Good luck if you're using IE. A successful experience with other browsers, including Opera and Safari, may vary.