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RA: 04h 30m 14s
Dec: +35° 16′ 25″
Ch: MSA:116, U2:96, SA:5
Type: reflection nebula
Mag: B=?, V=?
Discovered in 1788 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "cB, cL, mbM. Stands nearly in the centre of a trapezium."
Ross, observing with a 72-inch f/8.8 speculum telescope, recorded this object on 16 occassions. He noted "Sketched five times. Jan 2, 1851. Dark space S.f. neb; though I did not see the faint nebulosity beyond the channel, I conjecture that it exists and fades off imperceptibly, somewhat like the drawing. Jan 22, 1851. Observations of Jan 2nd confirmed; faint nebulosity seen; brightest part resolvable. Nov 29, 1851. Last season's observations confirmed as to shape. Dec 22, 1851. Previous observations confirmed."
F, R, 0.5' diam., gbM, edge of plate.
Ced 35 (NGC 1579)
Position (1900): RA 4 23.7, Dec + 35 4
Star: Cl (Mp=8.9:)
Spectrum of nebula: continuous spectrum (observed)
Classification: Nebulous cluster (Nebulous envelop of intricate structure, eg. NGC 2175)
Notes: "NGC 1579 = GC 853 = h 315 = H I 217. Disc. 1788. WP 21. (91, 114, 209, 216, 486, 549, 578, 630 Pl 30, 631, 791). R. Due to a wrong identification Pease has stated that +34 883 should be involved."
Palomar plate used: R (E-plate print)
Object's name: NGC 1579
Comments: In a dark lane/cloud, 2 other stars assoc. (south of nebula)
Lynds, B.T. (1962) Catalogue of dark nebulae. Astrophys.J.Suppl.Ser. 7, 1-52. [also: computer datafile: VII/7A]
= NGC 1579, Ced 35, [SS62] 19
Pos (1950.0) 04:26.9, +35:11
Size: 17x9 (blue), 9x8 (red).
(Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a diffuse nebula.
Bernes, C. (1977) A catalogue of bright nebulosities in opaque dust clouds.
Bernes 70 = NGC 1579
= DG 34, [RK68] 18, Bernes 70, N1579, GN 04.26.9, Ced 35, [SS62] 19, Other designations: LkHa101, Sh222
Class: C (reflection neb)
by Jim Lucyk: Vehrenberg's Atlas of Galactic Neb-1 p38.
Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "8'x 12' extent; nebula surrounds 12M star; mottled in appearance; irregular in outline; 7M star just to SW."
04 30.2 +35 17
13: fairly bright, circular, fairly small, appears brightest at the following edge. Forms an equilateral triangle with two mag 11.5-12 stars off the N and NE edges both 2' from center.
8: faint nebulosity, diffuse.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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