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NGC 1404 (2,567 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 1404

NGC 1404, ESO 358-46, LEDA 13433, MCG-06-09-013, SGC 033657-3545.3, Bennett 20, h 2571, GC 750

RA: 03h 38m 52.24s
Dec: −35° 35′ 42.4″

Con: Eridanus
Ch: MSA:400, U2:355, SA:18


(reference key)

Type: galaxy (in cluster), E...

Mag: B=10.9, V=10.25

Size: 4.073′ x 3.388′
PA: 163°

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Photos  (1)

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Historical observations

John Herschel

John Herschel recorded it as "vB, R, psmbM, 40 arcseconds, has a star N.f." On a second occassion he called it "vB; the 3rd of three, seen but no place taken or further description."

Published comments

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 15 (1915)

vB, S, R, vmbM.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1956)

De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35 declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads BE,R,BM,*CLOSE SFO.

Sandage, A. et al. (1975) Galaxies and the Universe

G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the five brightest members of the Fornax I Group are NGC 1399, NGC 1380, NGC 1404, NGC 1326 & NGC 1350. He notes that NGC 1316 and NGC 1365 are possibly in the foreground.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975)

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

Fornax I Cluster.

NGC 1316 and NGC 1365 possibly foreground?

Brightest members: NGC 1399 ( B(0) = 11.15), NGC 1380 ( B(0) = 11.30), NGC 1404 ( B(0) = 11.34), NGC 1326 ( B(0) = 11.75), NGC 1350 ( B(0) = 11.80).

Modern observations

Steve Gottlieb

03 38.9 -35 36

13: bright, fairly small, round, bright core. Located just 2.8' NNW of mag

8.1 SAO 194428. N1399 lies 10' NW. Member of Fornax cluster.

8: fairly bright, small, round, bright core. A mag 8 star is close SSE.

AJ Crayon

AJ Crayon, using an 8" f/6 Newtonian, notes: "is an elliptical galaxy. It is round 11m and has a little brighter middle with a star involved to east, at 60x."

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Bright, pretty small, round, very much brighter middle at 150X. There is a 12th mag star involved. This compact galaxy grows with averted vision."

Brian Skiff

15cm - br rel sm gx w/m12.5 * at SE edge. 140x: 1'.5 diam, reaching to * SE, mod sharp concen to *ar nuc. BS, 17Nov1993, LCO.

25cm - vbr, 0'.75 diam, gradually smoothly brtr to *ar nuc. m12 * 45" SE. hisfcbr. BS, 25Jan1982, Anderson Mesa.

30cm - 10' SE of N1399 in For; this one brtr. SSE 3' is m9.5 *. fairly br core, 1' diam overall, circ. halo has higher sfcbr than -99. SE 0'.9 is m13 *. no nuc; pretty; smooth concen.

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

(no date)

12-inch f/10 SCT (EP: 2-inch 32mm SW 95x 42' fov; 2-inch 14mm UW 218x 23' fov; 2-inch 8.8mm UW 346x 15' fov)

Situated right on the border between Fornax and Eridanus. This galaxy displays a soft round haze, 10' arc minutes south of NGC 1399 and more than half its size (218x). An 8th magnitude star 3' arc minutes distant south from the galaxy. A string of stars continue south out of the field of view.

1997 Jul 4

Location: Pietersburg South 23o 53. East 29o 28.

Sky conditions: Clear.

Date: 4 Julie 1997.

Field of view: 52.7 arc minutes.

ASSA-DSO - Report J

NGC 1404 Mag 10 size 2

Another baby, very small, starlike, bright, and round galaxy. Together with a star to the south of this galaxy, it looks like 2 points of lights, the galaxy just hazier around.

Auke Slotegraaf

2009 January 27

Sutherland (Huis Lana)

"Bertha" 12-inch f/4.8 Dobsonian (EP: 32mm, 25mm, 10mm, 6.3mm Plossls, 2x Barlow, 32mm Erfle)

Conditions: Clear, dark.

It has to happen somewhere in the Universe. The imaginary border between two constellations Fornax and Eridanus runs through this galaxy. NGC 1404 lies just 3 arcminutes away from 8th magnitude HD 22862, so it is very easy to locate. It is moderately bright, small and round, and grows brighter to the middle, seen at 120x. There is a small star close (0.8 arcmin) southeast. (D: 20090127/28. U355)


Observing from the 1500 metre plateau of the SAAO observing site in Sutherland, this galaxy is clearly seen in a 2-inch refactor at 30x. It lies north and just west of an 8th mag star. It appears to be elongated NW-SE, although this is not at all obvous. Nearby NGC 1399 is somewhat easier to see, appearing slightly larger and brighter than NGC 1404.


In a 15.5-inch telescope at 220x the galaxy lies in the same field at NGC 1399. NGC 1404 is bright and small, appearing similar to a globular cluster. The major part of the galaxy is the "core". It lies near a bright star to the southeast, and a fainter star lies due east.

Tom Bryant

2008-01-03 20:00:00

Observing site: Pinnacles overlook

Telescope: C-8

[3h 38m 54s, -35 35' 0"] A fairly brightest galaxy in the Fornax cluster.

Richard Ford

2013 January 12th Sat



Sky Conditions:The fainter parts of the Milky Way are barely visible.Haziness only visible on the horizon.Atmosphere stable with little interference.

Instrument:12-inch Dobsonian.

This galaxy has a roundish shape that looks like a football seen at both 57x and 75x.The nucleus of this galaxy is very small and slightly condensed as a fairly bright glow of light.The nucleus of this galaxy grows slightly brighter compared to the far outskirts of this galaxy.This galaxy measures 2.8'x2.8'.Chart No.200,NSOG Vol.1.

Favourite lists

Lacaille's catalogue

The Messier objects

Dunlop's catalogue

The Bennett objects

The Caldwell list

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