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NGC 1380 (2,529 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 1380

NGC 1380, Dunlop 574, AM 0334-350, ESO 358-28, LEDA 13318, MCG-06-09-002, SGC 033432-3508.4, FCC 167, Bennett 17, h 2559, GC 739

RA: 03h 36m 27.15s
Dec: −34° 58′ 33.4″

Con: Fornax
Ch: MSA:401, U2:355, SA:18

Ref: SIMBAD, Corwin (2004)

(reference key)

Type: galaxy (in cluster), S0

Mag: B=11.05, V=?

Size: 4.786′ x 2.818′
PA: 173°

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Photos  (1)

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Historical observations

Dunlop, James (1828)

Dunlop, J. (1828) A Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars in the Southern Hemisphere, Observed at Paramatta in New South Wales. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 118, 113-151. [1828RSPT..118..113D]

James Dunlop discovered this galaxy from Paramatta, New South Wales, and included it as No. 574 in his catalogue of 1827. Using a 9-inch f/12 telescope, he described it as "a rather faint pretty well-defined elliptical nebula, about 1' long, and 50 arcseconds broad, a little brighter to the centre."

John Herschel

John Herschel recorded it as "very bright; large; round; pretty suddenly brighter towards the middle; A fine nebula." He added: "The obs. of the place like that of Dunlop 591 above was lost by setting the instrument on the place given in Mr Dunlop's Catalogue, and relying on his RA (3h 31m) which is too great, instead of sweeping over them, when they could not have escape being regularly taken."

Published comments

Bailey, S.I. (1908)

"nebula, round, brighter at centre, globular cluster."

Bailey, S.I. (1908) A catalogue of bright stars and nebulae. Ann.Harv.Coll.Obs., 60(8), 199.

Remarks, p.217: "On the Bruce plates, 1380 and 1399 appear similar. In the NGC, 1399 is called a globular custer, while 1380 is not thus designated. In this region of the sky many such objects are shown on plates having long exposures. It seems probable that many of these objects are faint glopbular clusters, although they appear on the photographs merely as small nebulae, bright at the centre, similar to 1399."

Helwan Obs. Bulletin No 15 (1915)

vBN, with pL atmosphere ,E 10 deg."

Melotte, P.J. (1915)

A catalogue of star clusters shown on Franklin-Adams chart plates. Mem.R.A.S., 60(5), 175-186.

Table, p.177: "Clusters" noted by Bailey but not included in the Catalogue:

NGC 1380: Resembles NGC 1291 but a little larger.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1956)

De Vaucouleurs (1956) "Survey of bright galaxies south of -35 declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. (photographic study, plates taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm).

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.5 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads SLEL,BM,DIFAPP N&SCT.

Knox Shaw, H. (1915)

Knox Shaw, H. (1915) Note on the nebulae and star clusters shown on the Franklin-Adams plates. M.N.R.A.S., 76(2), 105-107.

Comments on papers by Harding (MNRAS, 74(8)), and Melotte (MemRAS 60(5)) describing objects foundon the Franklin-Adams plates; compares with plates taken with the Reynolds reflector (Helwan Obs Bull. 9-15):

Amonst those noted by Prof Bailey, but not included in Mr Melotte catalogue, the Helwan plates confirm NGC 1291 as a nebula, and 1380 and 1399 are almost certainly so.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Fornax I Cluster

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

NGC 1316 and NGC 1365 possibly foreground?

Brightest members: NGC 1399 ( B(0) = 11.15), NGC 1380 ( B(0) = 11.30), NGC 1404 ( B(0) = 11.34), NGC 1326 ( B(0) = 11.75), NGC 1350 ( B(0) = 11.80).

Sandage, A. et al. (1975) Galaxies and the Universe

G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the five brightest members of the Fornax I Group are NGC 1399, NGC 1380, NGC 1404, NGC 1326 & NGC 1350. He notes that NGC 1316 and NGC 1365 are possibly in the foreground.

Modern observations

Hartung, E.J. (1968) Astron.Obj.South.Tel

Hartung notes that "this object is not difficult for small apertures; it is an ellipse 3' x 1.5' in pa zero degrees, rising much to the centre."

Steve Gottlieb

03 36.4 -34 59

13: very bright, elongated 2:1 N-S, bright core, faint elongated halo. A very faint mag 14 star is SW of the core 1.2' from the center. Member of Fornax cluster.

8: fairly bright, moderately large, elongated, bright core.

Clarke, W.P. (1992)

William P. Clarke (San Diego, California, USA) writes in The Webb Society Nebulae and Clusters Section Report No. 11, January 1993: "Nearly edge-on spiral with large bright nucleus. Extended N-S. Mag 14 star S.p. nucleus. (20.8-inch, x140)"

Brian Skiff

ESO: pa7.

T&B: * SW in halo V=14.2.

15cm - fairly br oval @ 140x, 3'x1' in pa10. 20" core much brtr, circ, w/strong even concen to vbr sub*ar nuc. m14.5 * just w/in halo SW of center

25cm - br, 1'.5x0'.75 in pa20, maybe 1'.75 long. maj axis has br streak along it, thin diffuse halo contours it. more nrly circ core 0'.5 across grows much brtr to center, but no *ar nuc. m14 * on SW. BS, 25Jan1982, Anderson Mesa.

30cm - elong nrly pa0, 2'.5x1'. fairly well concen w/non*ar nuc. SW 1' is m14.5 *.

Tom Lorenzin

Tom Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "11.4M; 3'x 1' extent; lenticular with much brighter center; N-most of a crowd of GALs requiring larger aperture; 3.5' to W, just E of a 14M star, look for very, very faint and small SP GAL N1380a (14M; 2'x 0.5' extent)."

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

(no date)

12-inch f/10 SCT (EP: 2-inch 32mm SW 95x 42' fov; 2-inch 14mm UW 218x 23' fov)

Impressions of the Fornax family group of galaxies. NGC 1380, positioned almost in the middle of the galaxy cluster, extending in a north to south direction, gradually brightens to an almost star like nucleus (218x). This galaxy is moderately large, and stable in brightness. Three galaxies NGC1373, 1374 and 1375 approximately 20' arc minutes southwards are closely grouped together.

Auke Slotegraaf

2009 January 27

Sutherland (Huis Lana)

"Bertha" 12-inch f/4.8 Dobsonian (EP: 32mm, 25mm, 10mm, 6.3mm Plossls, 2x Barlow, 32mm Erfle)

Conditions: Clear, dark.

This member of the Fornax cluster is pretty bright, pretty large, round, and grows broadly brighter to the middle, seen at 120x. (D: 20090127/28. U355)


Observing from the 1500 metre plateau of the SAAO observing site in Sutherland, this galaxy is readily seen in a 2-inch refractor at 30x, appearing as a faint cometary patch of diffuse light, midway between two 8th mag stars.

Tom Bryant

2008-01-03 20:00:00

Observing site: Pinnacles overlook

Telescope: C-8

[3h 36m 30s, -34 59' 0"] A nondescript smudge, easily seen with averted vision.

Richard Ford

2013 January 12th Sat



Sky Conditions:The fainter parts of the Milky Way are barely visible.Haziness only visible on the horizon.Atmosphere stable with little interference.

Instrument:12-inch Dobsonian.

This galaxy has very faint extensions seen at both sides at 75x which has a small elongated shape.The nucleus of this galaxy is fairly condensed and somewhat seen as a vague oval smudge of light.Around some of the areas of this galaxy there a few areas of uneven brightness seen on the outskirts of this galaxy.This galaxy measures 3.5'x 0.7'with P.A:North/South.Chart No.200,NSOG Vol.1.

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