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Type: galaxy, Sbc
Mag: B=11, V=10.12
Size: 8.317′ x 1.905′
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John Herschel noted that it could be Dunlop 590. He recorded it as "bright; large; very much elongated; pretty suddenly a little bright in the middle; 4' long; 1' broad; position = 227 ; the following of 2." His second description reads: "very bright; very large; very much elongated; pretty suddenly much brighter in the middle; 8' long; 1' broad; pos = 47.9 ; dies away gradually at both extremities; has a star 10th mag., distance 45 arcsec, pos = 327.9 " He also sketched the galaxy, clearly showing its spindle-shape with tapering edges. In his comments on NGC 134, NGC 1532 and NGC 3109 he writes: "These figures exhibit elliptical nebulae normal in their character - that is to say, in which, as the condensation increases towards the middle, the ellipticity of the strata diminishes, or in which the interior and denser portions are obviously more nearly spherical than the exterior and rarer. A great number of such nebulae, of every variety of ellipticity and central condensation are figured in my Northern Catalogue. Regarding the spherical as only a particular case of the elliptical form, and a stellar nucleus as only the extreme stage of condensation, at least nine-tenths of the whole nebulous contents of the heavens will be found to belong to this class - so that, as regards a low and a structure, the induction which refers them as a class to the operation of similar causes, and assumes the prevalence within them of similar dynamical conditions, is most full and satisfactory. To abstain altogether from speculation as to what may be the nature of those causes and conditions, and to refuse all attempts to reconcile the phenomena of so large and so definite a class of cosmical existences with mechanical laws taken in their most general acceptation, would be to err on the side of excessive caution, and unphilosophical timidity. The time is clearly arrived for attempting to form some conception at least of the possibility of such a system being either held in a state of permanent equilibrium, or of progressing through a series of regular and normal changes, resulting either in periodical restorations of a former state, or in some final consummation."
Recorded in "Observations of the Southern Nebulae made with the Great Melbourne Telescope".
See the discussion of Lithograph M.1.1 for the details.
B, 5'x1', an elongated spiral.
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
This group is close to the south galactic pole and in the vacant centre of the much nearer Sculptor group.
Brightest members: 134 ( B(0) = 11.22), 289 ( B(0) = 11.92), 150 ( B(0) = 12.34), 148 ( B(0) = 12.95), 254 ( B(0) = 12.97).
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads S,EL,MINC,KN,SLDIF *CLOSE N OF DISK.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the five brightest members of the NGC 134 Group are NGC 134, NGC 289, NGC 150, NGC 148 & NGC 254.
Gerd Bahr-Vollrath (Noosa Heads, Queensland, Australia) writes in The Webb Society Nebulae and Clusters Section Report No. 11, January 1993: "A moderately large and bright spindle with a prominent, gradually brightening nucleus. Appears perfectly symmetrical. No mottling evident. (8-inch f/12 SCT)"
Tom Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes the magnitude as 11.0 and comments: "5'x 1' extent; edge-on spiral; 30' ESE of Eta SCL."
Houston wrote: "Though 11th mag and only 5'x1' in size, this object was held steadily in my 4-inch Clark."
Steve Coe, observing with a 17.5" f/4.5 at 100X, notes: "Pretty bright, pretty large, very elongated, bright nucleus at 135X. On a sharp night it looks like a mini-Sombrero galaxy. There is a dark lane that runs the length of the galaxy at 165X.
15cm - lg thin br spindle @ 80x. 140x: 8'x1' in pa50, reaches 3/4 way to m11 *
nr SW tip; width set by V=13.1 * (T&B) at NW-facing flank nr center.
mod even concen along maj axis except * or knot about 1/2 way out SW
end. oval knotty core. BS, 15Nov1993, LCO.
1997 November 29/30, Sat/Sun: Jonkershoek, seeing 3, transparency 3, sky darkness 4, lim.mag. at south pole 6.0 (naked eye), 10.7 (binoculars at pole) Strong SE wind. "Not found"
16-inch f/10 SCT (127x, 290x, 463x)
Well-formed spindle with a suddenly bright small nucleus. Standing out against the background which is very interesting with a block of four stars right on the NW tip of the galaxy. The four 9-10 Magnitude stars around 4' from one another is over ruling the field of view around (16" - 127x). The spindle in a NW to SE direction is more or less the indicated size with two hazy tips that fade away beautiful. With high power (16" - 463x) the nucleus is shading in with the surface brightness of the galaxy. On the SE side of the galaxy two faint stars can be seen and a glimpse of the dust lane with averted vision. I suspect the galaxy NGC 131 as a dust speck on the NW to form a triangle with NGC 134 and the block of stars.
12-inch f/10 SCT (218x, 346x)
In my field of view 218x both the galaxies fit in plus the accompany block of four stars to the south. The size as indicated seems to be correct although the faint NGC 131 was just a very small faint glow although I could see that it is in a NE-SW direction. NGC 134 however seems nearly edge-on in shape in the same direction NE-SW. The core is well seen and brightens up and divided by a slightly dark broken lane NW with averted vision.
Observing site: Fall Star Party
[0h 30m 24s, -33° 15' 0"] An almost edge on spiral, slightly mottled, with a faint nucleus. 1:5 elongation. B: Sb/Sc.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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