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RA: 03h 24m 25.57s
Dec: −21° 32′ 38.3″
Ch: MSA:356, U2:311, SA:18
Ref: SIMBAD, Corwin (2004)
Type: galaxy (in cluster), Sb
Mag: B=12.26, V=11.55
Size: 4.677′ x 1.659′
Synonyms: H IV-077
Discovered in 1790 by William Herschel with an 18.7-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He called it "a star about 9 or 10m with a nebulous ray to the south-preceding side. The ray is about 1.5' long. The star may not be connected with it."
John Herschel observed it at the Cape of Good Hope with an 18-inch f/13 speculum telescope. He drew a sketch of the galaxy, describing it as "A complete telescopic comet; a perfect miniature of Halley's, only the tail is rather broader in proportion; much elongated; 90" long; the star at the head = 10 mag." His second record reads: "Faint. Attached cometically to a star 9th magnitude which forms its head. It is an exact resemblance of Halley's comet as seen in the night glass. Pos. of tail = 239 1."
F, pL, mE 50deg, probably spiral. The star mag 9.5 mentioned in NGC is apparently not connected."
A supernova erupted in this galaxy in 1975 (14.6p).
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.5 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads EL,BM,DIF,SSTR SUSP *SUP NF.
Sandage, A. & Tammann, G. A. (1975) Steps toward the Hubble constant. V - The Hubble constant from nearby galaxies and the regularity of the local velocity field. ApJ, 196, 313-328. [1975ApJ...196..313S]
Sandage and Tammann includes this galaxy in the Eridanus Group. Members include NGC 1187, NGC 1201, NGC 1232, NGC 1255, NGC 1297, NGC 1300, NGC 1302, NGC 1325, NGC 1325A, NGC 1331, NGC 1332, NGC 1353, NGC 1359, NGC 1371, NGC 1385, NGC 1395, NGC 1398, NGC 1407, NGC 1415, NGC 1426, NGC 1439 & IC 1953.
Houston calls this an 11th mag spiral about 4' long and less than half as wide. It is the companion to NGC 1332 and glows at 12th mag.
Hartung notes: "In a field of scattered stars, this remarkable object merits the description of John Herschel in 1835 who called it 'a complete telescopic comet'. It is a faint elongated luminous haze at least 3' x 0.5' in pa 55 deg with a star 9.5mag immersed just at the nf tip, and fading away sp. . . This object is not effective with small apertures."
03 24.4 -21 33
13: fairly faint, pretty edge-on 3:1 SW-NE, weak concentration. A star is
attached at the NE end and a mag 13.5 star is 1.5' SE of center. Located
in a small group with N1319 6.8' W and N1325A.
Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Faint, pretty large, much elongated 2.5 X 1 in PA 45, somewhat brighter middle at 150X. There is a 10th mag star at the NE tip. The central bulge of this edge-on galaxy was seen."
Lick: m13 * forms triangle w/gx & brtr *. -19 6'.8 W; -15 22' NW.
POSS: pa50. m11 * @ 56" in pa70; m14 (?) at 12" in pa100; m12.5 * at 1'.5
15cm - nope.
25cm - SW of m10.5 *. diffuse, unconcen. 1' diam. m13.0 * on SE edge.
30cm - hard to see @149x. just SW of m10.5 *. appears to have br * sup on obj,
perhaps nuc, though it is SE of center.
Observing site: Fall Star Party
[3h 24m 24s, -21° 33' 0"] 1325, 1319, and 1315 are three very faint patches, without any decernable detail. 1325 is the brightest. B: Sb.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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