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Type: galaxy, S0a:r
Mag: B=11.94, V=11.01
Size: 2.951′ x 2.57′
Dunlop, J. (1828) A Catalogue of Nebulae and Clusters of Stars in the Southern Hemisphere, Observed at Paramatta in New South Wales. Phil. Trans. Roy. Soc., 118, 113-151. [1828RSPT..118..113D]
James Dunlop discovered this object from Paramatta, New South Wales, and included it as No. 547 in his catalogue of 1827. Using a 9-inch f/12 telescope, he described it as "a small faint round nebula about 15 arcseconds in diameter."
John Herschel recorded it as "pB, S, R, psbM." On a second occassion he called it "pB, pL, 1' diameter; a miniature of the last neb. of this sweep."
pB, pS, lE 80deg, rather similar to 1316."
pB, pS, R, vB central part lE 60deg, and outer nebuloisity with sharply defined edge - possibly open spiral. There is only one nebula in this position. Description in HOB 9 cancelled. See also HOB 15.
"Survey of bright galaxies south of -35° declination", Mem. Mount Stromlo, No. 13. On photos taken with the 30-inch Reynolds reflector, 20-inch diaphragm: bright inner part 1.4' x 1.4', faint outer regions 2.3' x 2.2'. Remarks: vSBN: 0.6' x 0.5', very faint bar
(Astrophysical Journal, 202, 563-582) notes that this galaxy is a member of the Fornax Cluster. Members include NGC 1316, NGC 1317, NGC 1326 & NGC 1399.
Paturel, G., Petit, C., Kogoshvili, N. et al. (1991) An extragalactic data base. IV. Errors and misprints in catalogues of galaxies. Astrophys.J.Suppl.Ser., 91(3), 371.
NGC 1317 = NGC 1318
(Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 12.5 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads E,R,BM,DIFHALO,SO).
AJ Crayon, using an 8" f/6 Newtonian, notes: "is barred spiral galaxy. At 100x it is 3'x2' 12m, in northeasterly position angle, with NGC 1316 5' south and no other galaxies in field."
Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty bright, pretty large, little elongated 1.2 X 1 in PA 0, pretty suddenly brighter middle at 135X."
03 22.7 -37 06
17.5: moderately bright, fairly small, 1.2' diameter, even concentration to a small bright core and stellar nucleus. Forms a bright pair with N1316 6.3' S.
8: faint, small, bright core, N1316 7' S.
RC2: -16 6'.3 S.
15cm - fairly br gx w/hisfcbr @ 80x. 140x: ~circ, 1'.5 diam w/vstrong even even concen to vbr *ar nuc. BS, 17Nov1993, LCO.
30cm - brtr than expected, w/brtr core and sub*ar nuc. core 25" across, halo to 1' diam.
Observing site: Fall Star Party
[3h 22m 48s, -37° 6' 0"] Smaller and fainter than 1316, and just North of it. B: SB.
Sky Conditions:The fainter parts of the Milky Way are barely visible.Haziness only visible on the horizon.Atmosphere stable with little interference.
This galaxy has a roundish shape which looks like a faint soccer ball at 57x and 75x.The nucleus of this galaxy is very faint and compact.This galaxy also has plenty of areas of uneven brightness around the outskirts of it.This galaxy measures 2.8'x 2.8'.Chart No.200, NSOG Vol.1.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
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