sponsored by psychohistorian.org
Type: galaxy, SBb
Mag: B=11.22, V=10.42
Size: 6.025′ x 3.311′
Select a photo and click the button to view
John Herschel recorded it as "bright; very large; first very gradually then pretty suddenly very much brighter in the middle; 3' long; 2' broad; much elongated. (N.B. These dimensions can only refer to the brighter portions.)" His second descriptions reads: "pretty faint, very large; first gradually then pretty suddenly brighter towards the middle to a faint nucleus; much elongated 8' or 10' long, 2' broad."
The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads SB,BWDARMS,KN,DKLNS.
de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.
Includes NGC 1209 and NGC 1332 groups.
Brightest members: 1232 ( B(0) = 10.73), 1398 ( B(0) = 10.73), 1187 ( B(0) = 11.21), 1300 ( B(0) = 11.34), 1407 ( B(0) = 11.43).
Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Sky&Tel. 1/65 p8, Sky&Tel. 7/83 p11, Sky&Tel. 12/86 p668, Astronomy mag. 8/83 p84, Universe Guide to Stars & Planets (Ridpath & Tirion) p140, Astronomy mag. 12/84 p78, Deep Sky #9 Wi84 p19, 20, Burnhams V1 p93, Burnhams V2 p894, Hubble Atl.of Gal. (Sandage 1961) p45, Sky Catal. 2000 (Vol 2, 1985) pxxx, Field Guide to Stars & Planets (Menzel, 1964) p134.
Sandage, A. & Tammann, G. A. (1975) Steps toward the Hubble constant. V - The Hubble constant from nearby galaxies and the regularity of the local velocity field. ApJ, 196, 313-328. [1975ApJ...196..313S]
Sandage and Tammann includes this galaxy in the Eridanus Group. Members include NGC 1187, NGC 1201, NGC 1232, NGC 1255, NGC 1297, NGC 1300, NGC 1302, NGC 1325, NGC 1325A, NGC 1331, NGC 1332, NGC 1353, NGC 1359, NGC 1371, NGC 1385, NGC 1395, NGC 1398, NGC 1407, NGC 1415, NGC 1426, NGC 1439 & IC 1953.
G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Eridanus Cloud includes the NGC 1209 and NGC 1332 groups. The five brightest members of the Eridanus Group are NGC 1232, NGC 1398, NGC 1187, NGC 1300 & NGC 1407.
This galaxy appears on page 45 of "The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies" by Allan Sandage (1961, Washington, DC).
Tom Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "11.3M; 6'x 3' extent; barred spiral; bright nucleus; see photo at HAG-45; 20' N and a little W is EL GAL N1297 (13M; 1.5' diameter), very soft, centerless glow; 50' farther in the same direction is DBL ST ADS2465 (7" separation @ PA 118; 5.7-9.1M)"
Sanford notes that this galaxy "should be mentioned as an outstanding example of a barred spiral galaxy. This 11th magnitude object has prominent arms which start at the ends of a (visually) faint bar protruding from the nucleus. Traces of the arms are visible with 12-inch and larger."
Houston calls it a "nice barred spiral galaxy in Eridanus .. seen almost face-on. I was able to view its 10th mag disk roughly 5' across in a 4-inch f/12 off-axis reflector. This scope suggested some detail in the glow but fell short of showing any spiral structure. A 17-inch, however, in the clear skies of the western United States, clearly showed NGC 1300 as a barred spiral full of wisps of nebulosity to explore." Houston notes that a 10-inch may reveal the faint companion to the north, NGC 1297. In 1972 he wrote: "with a total light equivalent to a star of visual mag 10.3, this barred spiral is within reach of a 4-inch and I have seen it easily even with a Questar. . . small scopes show only a blurred spindle. A 10-inch or larger will give a more distinct image, about 6' x 3', and may even reveal the faint companion to the north, NGC 1297."
17.5: fairly bright, elongated ~E-W, bright core, stellar nucleus. A spiral arm is visible at the W end (of the central bar) curving to the N.
8: faint, fairly large, elongated, low surface brightness, diffuse.
Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty bright, large, very elongated and suddenly much brighter in the middle at 135X. With averted vision I can just pick out some barred spiral structure."
Hubble: bar in pa100.
POSS: no m10 * 7' N, but one 14' NNE.
15cm - marginal.
25cm - f bar in pa100, 4'x1'.5. grainy texture. little brtr across center.
30cm - found @ 149x. 50" core, *ar pont nr or as nuc. little halo to max of 2' diam. not very br. S 7' of m10 *.
[amastro] posting, Sat Nov 25, 2006
82" telescope, McDonald Observatory near Fort Davis, Texas, USA
f/13.7, 35mm Televue Panoptic (5' fov, 812x)
NGC 1365 was too low for this telescope, so NGC 1300 was chosen as being the best substitute, and it filled that bill admirably. Having the classic barred-spiral shape, with a long bar and 2 prominent arms emanating from that bar at 90-degree angles, then wrapping completely around the core, this object was simply mesmerizing.
Observing site: Pinnacles overlook
[3h 19m 42s, -19° 25' 0"] The nucleus was very elongated, and surrounded by a faint envelope. I could not make out the spiral arms.
Sky Conditions:The fainter parts of the Milky Way are barely visible.Haziness only visible on the horizon.Atmosphere stable with little interference.
This galaxy's faint spiral arms are just on the brink of visibility at 75*.These diffuse spiral arms has some areas of uneven brightness and the nucleus of this galaxy is equally bright.This galaxy also has a circular shape with a bright nucleus which is centrally concentrated.This galaxy measures 3.5'*0.8'.The nucleus of this galaxy is brighter compared to the spiral arms of this galaxy.
The Messier objects
The Bennett objects
The Caldwell list
DOCdb is still in beta-release.
Known issues, feature requests, and updates on bug fixes, are here:
Found a bug? Have a comment or suggestion to improve DOCdb? Please let us know!
DOCdb is a free online resource that exists to promote deep sky observing.
You could help by sharing your observations, writing an article, digitizing and proof-reading historical material, and more.
Everything on DOCdb.net is © 2004-2010 by Auke Slotegraaf, unless stated otherwise or if you can prove you have divine permission to use it. Before using material published here, please consult the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial-Share Alike 2.5 License. Some material on DOCdb is copyright the individual authors. If in doubt, don't reproduce. And that goes for having children, too. Please note that the recommended browser for DOCdb is Firefox 3.x. You may also get good results with K-Meleon. Good luck if you're using IE. A successful experience with other browsers, including Opera and Safari, may vary.