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NGC 1300 (2,326 of 18,816)

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NGC 1300

NGC 1300, AGC 22472, ESO 547-31, LEDA 12412, MCG-03-09-018, SGC 031725-1935.5, UGCA 66, h 2522, GC 689

RA: 03h 19m 40.8s
Dec: −19° 24′ 40″

Con: Eridanus
Ch: MSA:333, U2:311, SA:18

Ref: SIMBAD

(reference key)

Type: galaxy, SBb

Mag: B=11.22, V=10.42

Size: 6.025′ x 3.311′
PA: 106°

Image gallery

Photos  (1)

Select a photo and click the button to view

Historical observations

John Herschel

John Herschel recorded it as "bright; very large; first very gradually then pretty suddenly very much brighter in the middle; 3' long; 2' broad; much elongated. (N.B. These dimensions can only refer to the brighter portions.)" His second descriptions reads: "pretty faint, very large; first gradually then pretty suddenly brighter towards the middle to a faint nucleus; much elongated 8' or 10' long, 2' broad."

Published comments

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a 11.0 mag galaxy. Their coded description reads SB,BWDARMS,KN,DKLNS.

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Eridanus Cloud

de Vaucouleurs, G. (1975) Nearby groups of galaxies. In: Kuiper, G. (ed) Stars and Stellar Systems. Volume 9: Galaxies and the Universe. Chapter 14, p557.

Includes NGC 1209 and NGC 1332 groups.

Brightest members: 1232 ( B(0) = 10.73), 1398 ( B(0) = 10.73), 1187 ( B(0) = 11.21), 1300 ( B(0) = 11.34), 1407 ( B(0) = 11.43).

Photo index

Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Sky&Tel. 1/65 p8, Sky&Tel. 7/83 p11, Sky&Tel. 12/86 p668, Astronomy mag. 8/83 p84, Universe Guide to Stars & Planets (Ridpath & Tirion) p140, Astronomy mag. 12/84 p78, Deep Sky #9 Wi84 p19, 20, Burnhams V1 p93, Burnhams V2 p894, Hubble Atl.of Gal. (Sandage 1961) p45, Sky Catal. 2000 (Vol 2, 1985) pxxx, Field Guide to Stars & Planets (Menzel, 1964) p134.

Sandage & Tammann (1975)

Sandage, A. & Tammann, G. A. (1975) Steps toward the Hubble constant. V - The Hubble constant from nearby galaxies and the regularity of the local velocity field. ApJ, 196, 313-328. [1975ApJ...196..313S]

Sandage and Tammann includes this galaxy in the Eridanus Group. Members include NGC 1187, NGC 1201, NGC 1232, NGC 1255, NGC 1297, NGC 1300, NGC 1302, NGC 1325, NGC 1325A, NGC 1331, NGC 1332, NGC 1353, NGC 1359, NGC 1371, NGC 1385, NGC 1395, NGC 1398, NGC 1407, NGC 1415, NGC 1426, NGC 1439 & IC 1953.

Sandage, A. et al. (1975) Galaxies and the Universe

G. de Vaucouleurs ("Galaxies and the Universe", Chapter 14 - Nearby Groups of Galaxies) notes that the Eridanus Cloud includes the NGC 1209 and NGC 1332 groups. The five brightest members of the Eridanus Group are NGC 1232, NGC 1398, NGC 1187, NGC 1300 & NGC 1407.

Sandage, A. (1961) The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies

This galaxy appears on page 45 of "The Hubble Atlas of Galaxies" by Allan Sandage (1961, Washington, DC).

Modern observations

Tom Lorenzin

Tom Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "11.3M; 6'x 3' extent; barred spiral; bright nucleus; see photo at HAG-45; 20' N and a little W is EL GAL N1297 (13M; 1.5' diameter), very soft, centerless glow; 50' farther in the same direction is DBL ST ADS2465 (7" separation @ PA 118; 5.7-9.1M)"

Sanford (1989) Observing the Constellations

Sanford notes that this galaxy "should be mentioned as an outstanding example of a barred spiral galaxy. This 11th magnitude object has prominent arms which start at the ends of a (visually) faint bar protruding from the nucleus. Traces of the arms are visible with 12-inch and larger."

Walter Scott Houston

Houston calls it a "nice barred spiral galaxy in Eridanus .. seen almost face-on. I was able to view its 10th mag disk roughly 5' across in a 4-inch f/12 off-axis reflector. This scope suggested some detail in the glow but fell short of showing any spiral structure. A 17-inch, however, in the clear skies of the western United States, clearly showed NGC 1300 as a barred spiral full of wisps of nebulosity to explore." Houston notes that a 10-inch may reveal the faint companion to the north, NGC 1297. In 1972 he wrote: "with a total light equivalent to a star of visual mag 10.3, this barred spiral is within reach of a 4-inch and I have seen it easily even with a Questar. . . small scopes show only a blurred spindle. A 10-inch or larger will give a more distinct image, about 6' x 3', and may even reveal the faint companion to the north, NGC 1297."

Steve Gottlieb

17.5: fairly bright, elongated ~E-W, bright core, stellar nucleus. A spiral arm is visible at the W end (of the central bar) curving to the N.

8: faint, fairly large, elongated, low surface brightness, diffuse.

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty bright, large, very elongated and suddenly much brighter in the middle at 135X. With averted vision I can just pick out some barred spiral structure."

Brian Skiff

Hubble: bar in pa100.

POSS: no m10 * 7' N, but one 14' NNE.

15cm - marginal.

25cm - f bar in pa100, 4'x1'.5. grainy texture. little brtr across center.

30cm - found @ 149x. 50" core, *ar pont nr or as nuc. little halo to max of 2' diam. not very br. S 7' of m10 *.

Paul Alsing

82-inch at McDonald - Observing Report

[amastro] posting, Sat Nov 25, 2006

82" telescope, McDonald Observatory near Fort Davis, Texas, USA

f/13.7, 35mm Televue Panoptic (5' fov, 812x)

NGC 1365 was too low for this telescope, so NGC 1300 was chosen as being the best substitute, and it filled that bill admirably. Having the classic barred-spiral shape, with a long bar and 2 prominent arms emanating from that bar at 90-degree angles, then wrapping completely around the core, this object was simply mesmerizing.

Contemporary observations

Tom Bryant

2007-01-17 22:00:00

Observing site: Pinnacles overlook

Telescope: C-8

[3h 19m 42s, -19 25' 0"] The nucleus was very elongated, and surrounded by a faint envelope. I could not make out the spiral arms.

Richard Ford

2012 March 24th, Sat

Location:Perdeberg.

Time:8:48pm.

Sky Conditions:The fainter parts of the Milky Way are barely visible.Haziness only visible on the horizon.Atmosphere stable with little interference.

Instrument:12-inch Dobsonian.

This galaxy's faint spiral arms are just on the brink of visibility at 75*.These diffuse spiral arms has some areas of uneven brightness and the nucleus of this galaxy is equally bright.This galaxy also has a circular shape with a bright nucleus which is centrally concentrated.This galaxy measures 3.5'*0.8'.The nucleus of this galaxy is brighter compared to the spiral arms of this galaxy.

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