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NGC 1049 (1,871 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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NGC 1049

NGC 1049, Fornax Dwarf Cluster 3, C 0237-345, ESO 356-3, MCG-06-06-017, h 2492, GC 588

RA: 02h 39m 48.18s
Dec: −34° 15′ 28.5″

Con: Fornax
Ch: MSA:403, U2:354, SA:18

Ref: SIMBAD, Skiff20080430-U

(reference key)

Type: globular cluster

Mag: B=13.59, V=?

Size: ?
PA: ?

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Photos  (2)

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This is, in fact, a globular cluster belonging to the Fornax Dwarf Galaxy, a member of our Local System. It is the brightest (13th magnitude) of several such globulars visible in 10-inch and larger telescopes. The cluster is also known as Hodge 3.

Historical observations

John Herschel

John Herschel recorded it as "pretty bright; small; round; like a star 12th magnitude a very little rubbed at the edges, a curious little object and easily mistaken for a star, which, however, it certainly is not."

Published comments

Photo index

Photo Index by Jim Lucyk: Astronomy mag. 11/87 p106.

Sulentic & Tifft (1973)

The RNGC (Sulentic and Tifft 1973) notes that this is a globular cluster in a galaxy. Their coded description reads CLUSTER IN FORNAXDWF.

Modern observations

Steve Gottlieb

13: brightest of four globular clusters in the Fornax Dwarf galaxy. Moderately bright, estimate V = 12, small, very small bright core, faint halo. Located 15' NNE of mag 8.0 SAO 193841. Fornax Dwarf galaxy not seen.

Steve Gottlieb of Albany, California, notes that it is the faintest (13.5 mv) of four of the globular clusters seen in his 13.1-inch scope. He notes that "a pretty double star in the field to the northwest will guide you to the right spot." He adds that "visually I'd place its magnitude closer to 12.5, but only 30 arcseconds diameter."

[amastro] Toughest NGC-globulars

In my opinion, the toughest NGC-globular would be NGC6749 in Aquila. It has also wrong coordinates in many sources, has a low surface brightness and is in a rich star field. NGC7492 in Aquarius, NGC6426 in Ophiuchus and NGC1049 in the Fornax Dwarf are other NGC-toughies. 0.2 deg SE of NGC6380, there is a dark nebula called SL28. Has anybody seen it?

Timo Karhula "Amateur astronomers are * *

Steve Coe

Steve Coe, observing with a 13" f/5.6, notes: "Pretty faint, small, round, much brighter in the middle, averted vision makes it grow at 135X."

Contemporary observations

Auke Slotegraaf

2009 January 27

Sutherland (Huis Lana)

"Bertha" 12-inch f/4.8 Dobsonian (EP: 32mm, 25mm, 10mm, 6.3mm Plossls, 2x Barlow, 32mm Erfle)

Conditions: Clear, dark.

This globular cluster one of the faintest in the NGC lies within the Fornax dwarf galaxy. At 120x it is a small, very faint, haze with a very bright, starlike, nucleus. (D: 20090127/28. U354)


Observing from the 1500 metre plateau of the SAAO observing site in Sutherland, 11x80 binoculars fails to show this globular, low on the horizon, making 9.5th mag reasonably challenging.

Tom Bryant

2008-01-03 20:00:00

Observing site: Pinnacles overlook

Telescope: C-8

[2h 39m 42s, -34 17' 0"] Without a finder chart, this would never have been seen. Like IC 1257, it's a small, low contrast smudge in the night sky, barely seen with averted vision. With this cluster, I've seen every globular in the NGC and IC north of -50 declination.

2009 12 16 20:12:28

Observing site: Pinnacles overlook

Telescope: C-11

[2h 39m 42s, -34 17' 0"] Very faint! barely seen!

2010 11 1 22:5:1

Observing site: Fall Star Party

Telescope: C-11

[2h 39m 42s, -34 17' 0"] Yes, it is almost starlike. Looks like a hazy star.

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