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Full database:

Entire DOCdb database of 18,816 objects.



IC 348 (2,632 of 18,816)


oc gc pln bn dn gx gxcl ast aka lost




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Flying Ghost Nebula

IC 348, IC 1985, DG 23, Ced 20, LBN 758, Magakian 49, VDB 19, Bernes 67, Flying Ghost Nebula, FGN

RA: 03h 44m 34s
Dec: +32° 09′ 45″

Con: Perseus
Ch: MSA:140, U2:95, SA:4

Ref: [2003A&A...399..141M]

(reference key)

Type: reflection nebula

Mag: B=?, V=?

Size: ?
PA: ?

History and Accurate Positions for the NGC/IC Objects (Corwin 2004)

IC 348 = IC 1985, which see. Dreyer put this into the first IC apparently without seeing Safford's footnote which reads, "A loose cluster with nebula." All that appears in the IC description is Safford's "vL, vgbM, pB" rearranged into the usual brightness-size-concentration order.

Whatever happened, Safford is right -- there is a cluster associated with this nebulosity. Barnard did not mention the cluster, either, in his discovery note for IC 1985, though he examined the object both photographically and visually with the Yerkes 40-inch.

Published comments

Cederblad, S. (1946) [VII/231]

Ced 20 (IC 348)

Position (1900): RA 3 38.3, Dec + 31 51

Star: 31 643 (Mp=9.0, V=8.6:, SpT=B6, A1)

Spectrum of nebula: continuous spectrum (observed)

Classification: Neb associated with mainly one star (which may be multiple) - star surrounded by a neb envelope without conspicuous structure (eg. lambda Scorpii)

Size: 10'x10'

Notes: "IC 348. Disc. Safford (The NGC appendix). (76, 88 Pl 16, 91, 93 Pl 3, 194, 196, 209, 216, 274, 366, 486, 576, 630 Pl 29, 715). +31 643 = Boss 4465."

Lynds, B.T. (1962)

Lynds, B.T. (1962) Catalogue of dark nebulae. Astrophys.J.Suppl.Ser. 7, 1-52. [also: computer datafile: VII/7A]

Dorschner & Gürtler (1963)

Untersuchungen uber Reflexionsnebel.

DG 23

= IC 348, Ced 20

Pos (1950.0) 03:41.4, +32:01

Size: 3x2 (blue), 3x2 (red).

Bernes, C. (1977)

Bernes, C. (1977) A catalogue of bright nebulosities in opaque dust clouds.

= Bernes 67, = VdB 19

Magakian T. Yu. (2003)

= DG 23, [RK68] 13, VdB 19, Bernes 67, IC348, GN 03.41.5, Ced 20

Class: C (reflection neb)

Comments: 2 stars?

Photo index

by Jim Lucyk: Vehrenberg's Atlas of Galactic Neb-1 p28.

Modern observations

Tom Lorenzin

Lorenzin, in the electronic version of "1000+ The Amateur Astronomers' Field Guide to Deep Sky Observing", notes: "1 degree x 2 degree extent! surrounds 4M Omicron PER; use wide field and N-filter; DK NEB B-4 nearby, 30' S and a little W of Omicron PER."

Contemporary observations

Magda Streicher

2006 October 20


12-inch f/10 SCT (76x, 218x)

Conditions: Good

Horseshoe of stars surrounds the double star Struve 439 which is a nice double star contain a blue pair. I could not detack the nebulosity, will go back again.

2006 October 20


12-inch f/10 SCT (76x, 218x, 346x)

Conditions: Good

Consist of only about 7 faint stars in a half moon shape around Perseus (Atik)??. Nebulosity can be seen between the stars with a faint double star to the NW. Weet nie wat hier aangaan nie sal kyk…

Tom Bryant

2011 2 19 20:0:57

Observing site: Little Tycho Observatory

Telescope: C-8

[3h 44m 30s, 32° 17m 0s] An interesting cluster. There are two fairly bright pairs on either side (east and west) and a spray of fainter ones between them. Bright Omicron Per is just to the north. This would be better in darker, steadier skies.

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