Writing object identifiers

Notation used in DOCdbExamplesOther abbreviationsVIZIER catalogueType of objectArticles
[AC2000b]http://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/VizieR?-source=J/ApJ/541/841/table3btrapezium systemAbt H.A., Corbally C.J. (2000) UBV photometry and ages of Trapezium systems.Astrophys. J. 541, 841
Abell nAbell 14, ACO 1060Abell, ACOhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/110galaxy clusterAbell, G.O., Corwin, H.G., Jr, Olowin, R.P. (1989) A catalog of rich clusters of galaxies. Ap.J.Suppl.Ser., 70, 1-138.
AGC nAGC 129AGChttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/AJ/113/22galaxy
Aguero ngalaxyAguero, E. L. (1971) A list of interesting southern galaxies. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 83, 310-312.
AH03 JHHHH+MM.Mopen clusterArchinal, B.A. & Hynes, S.J. (2003) Star clusters. Willmann-Bell.
AM HHMM+DDMAM 0054-530Arp-Madore, ApMhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/170galaxyArp, H.C. & Mardore, B.F. (1987) A catalogue of southern peculiar galaxies and associations. Cambridge Univ. Press.
Ark nArk, AkngalaxyArakelian, M.A. (1975) The galaxies of high surface brightness. Soobshch. Byurakan Obs., 47, 3-40.
Arp nArp 13, Arp 174AAPGhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/74galaxyArp, H. (1966) Atlas of peculiar galaxies. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 14, 1-20.
Barnard nB, Barnardhttp://vizier.u-strasbg.fr/viz-bin/Cat?VII/220Adark nebulaBarnard, E. E. (1919) On the dark markings of the sky, with a catalogue of 182 such objects. Ap.J., 49, 1-24.
[1919ApJ....49....1B]; Barnard, E. E. (1927) Catalogue of 349 Dark Objects in the Sky. Carnegie Institution of Washington.
Bernes n[B77]bright nebulaBernes, C. (1977) A catalogue of bright nebulosities in opaque dust clouds. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 29, 65-70.
BHR ndark nebula, molecular cloudBourke, T.L., Hyland, A.R. & Robinson, G. (1995) Studies of star formation in isolated small dark clouds - I. A catalogue of southern Bok globules : optical and IRAS properties. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 276, 1052-1066.
BHRTopen cluster (binary)Bhatia, R.K., Read, M.A., Hatzidimitriou, D. & Tritton, S. (1991) A catalogue of binary star cluster candidates in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 87, 335-352.
BMG nopen cluster (in LMC)Bhatia, R.K. & MacGillivray, H.T. (1989) An automated search for star clusters in the Magellanic Clouds. I. Description of the technique and application to a 6 square degree field near the bear of the LMC. Astron. Astrophys., 211, 9-24.
C HMM+DDdLyngahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/92open cluster, globular clusterLynga, G. (1987) Catalogue of Open Cluster Data. 5th ed. Lund Observatory.
Ced nCed 19m, Ced 87Cederbladhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/231bright nebulaCederblad, S. (1946) Studies of bright diffuse galactic nebulae with special regard to their spatial distribution. Lund Medd. Astron. Obs. Ser. II, 119, 1-166.
Cl Alter nopen cluster?
Cl AMglobular cluster(AM = Arp-Madore)
Cl Antalova nAvopen clusterAntalová, A. (1970) UBV photographic photometry of stars in the region AR1950 17h03m - 17h41m Decl1950:-28.8° - 33.4°. I. The catalogue and identification maps of 250 OB and 101 photometrically interesting stars. Bulletin of the Astronomical Institute of Czechoslovakia, vol. 21, p.331.
Cl Apriamaswili nopen clusterApriamaswili, S.P. (1964) On a new open cluster in Scutum. Astron. Tsirk., 280, 1-2.
Cl Arpglobular clusterArp, H. & Van den Bergh, S. (1960) A new faint globular cluster. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 72, 48-51.
Cl Basel nBaopen clusterGrubissich, C. (1965) Dreifarben-Photometrie von zwei offenen Sternhaufen in Richtung der Scutum-Wolke. Zeitschr. Astrophys., 60, 249-255.
Cl Berkeley nBeopen clusterAlter, J. (1958) Catalogue of Star Clusters and Associations. First edition.
Cl Biurakan nBiur, Bjurakanopen cluster?
Cl Blanco nopen clusterBlanco, V.M. (1949) A new galactic star cluster in Sculptor. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 61, 183-184.
Cl Bochum nBoopen clusterMoffat, A.F.J. & Vogt. N. (1975), Fitzgerald et al. (1976)
Cl Collinder nCr, Lk, Lundmarkopen clusterCollinder, P. (1931) On structured properties of open galactic clusters and their spatial distribution. Ann. Obs. Lund, 2, 1.
Cl Czernik nCz, Czernicopen clusterCzernik, M. (1966) New open star clusters. Acta Astron., 16, 93-94.
Cl Djorg nDjorgovskiglobular clusterDjorgovski, S. (1987) Discovery of three obscured globular clusters. Astrophys. J., 317, L13-L14.
Cl Dolidze nopen clusterDolidze, M.V. (1961) On the star cluster near gamma Cyg. Astron. Cir., 223, 11-12
Cl Dolidze-Dzim nDoDzopen clusterDolidze, M.V. & Jimsheleishvili, G.N. (1966) New emission object in Hercules. Astron. Tsirk., 385, 7-8.
Cl Dufay nglobular cluster?
Cl Feinstein nopen clusterFeinstein, A. (1964) A group of stars around the He star HD 96446. The Observatory, 84, 111-115.
Cl Haffner nHaopen clusterHaffner, H. (1957) Neue galaktische Sternhaufen in der sudlichen Milchstrasse. Zeitschr. Astrophys., 43, 89-94.
Cl Harvard nopen cluster?
Cl Haute-Provence nHP, OHPglobular cluster?
Cl Hogg nHoopen clusterHogg, A. R. (1965) Catalogue of open clusters south of -45deg declination. Mem. Mount Stromlo Obs., 17, 1-17.
Cl King nKopen clusterKing, I. (1949) Some new galactic clusters. Harvard Bull., 919, 41-42.
Cl Kron nKstar cluster (in SMC)Kron, G.E. (1956) Star clusters in the Small Magellanic Cloud. I. Identification of 69 clusters. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 68, 125-130.
Cl Lindsay nL, Lnopen cluster, globular clusterLindsay, E.M. (1958) The cluster system of the Small Magellanic Cloud. Mon. Not. R. Astron. Soc., 118, 172-182.
Cl Lynga nLyopen clusterLynga, G. (1964) Studies of the Milky Way from Centaurus to Norma. II. Open clusters. Lund Medd. Astron. Obs. Ser. II, 140, 1.
Cl Melotte nMelopen cluster, globular clusterMelotte, P.J. (1915) A catalogue of star clusters shown on the Franklin-Adams chart plates. Mem. R. Astron. Soc., 60, 175-186.
Cl Mrk nMa, Mark, Markarian, Markarjan, Mrkopen clusterMarkarian, B.E. (1951) On the classification of open (galactic) stellar clusters. II. Preliminary list of open O-type star clusters. Soobshch. Byurakan Obs., 9, 1-40.
Cl Pal nA, Abell, Pal, Palomarglobular clusterAbell, G.O. (1955) Globular clusters and planetary nebulae discovered on the national geographic society-Palomar Observatory sky survey. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 67, 258-261.
Cl Pismis nPisopen cluster, globular clusterPismis, P. (1959) Nuevos cumulos estelares en regiones del sur. Bol. Obs. Tonantz. Tacub., 2, part no 18, 37-38.
Cl Roslund nRosopen clusterRoslund, C. (1960) Remarks on some new and some known galactic clusters. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 72, 205-207.
Cl Ruprecht nR, Rp, Ru, Rupopen clusterRuprecht, J. (1966) Classification of open star clusters. Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech., 17, 33-44 (1966)
Cl Sher nopen clusterSher, D. (1964) A search for star clusters listed near eta Carinae. The Observatory, 84, 263-266.
Cl Stock nStopen clusterStock, J. (1956) Magnitudes and colors for stars in two new galactic clusters. Astrophys. J., 123, 258-266.
Cl Terzan nTeropen cluster, globular clusterTerzan, A. (1971) Quatre nouveaux amas stellaires dans la direction de la region centrale de la Galaxie. Astron. Astrophys., 12, 477-481.
Cl Tombaugh nopen clusterTombaugh, C.W. (1938) Two new faint galactic star clusters. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 50, 171-171.
Cl Trumpler nT, Tropen clusterTrumpler, R.J. (1930) Preliminary results on the distances, dimensions and space distribution of open star clusters. Lick Obs. Bull., 14, 154-188.
Cl Upgren nopen clusterUpgren, A.R. & Rubin, V.C. (1965) An old open cluster near the North galactic pole. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 77, 355-358.
Cl VDB nopen cluster, globular cluster
Cl VDBH nVDBH, BH, vdBHopen cluster, globular clusterVan den Bergh, S. & Hagen, G.L. (1975) Uniform survey of clusters in the Southern Milky Way. AJ, 80, 11-16.
Cl Waterloo nWatopen cluster
Cl Westerlund nWdopen clusterWesterlund, B. (1961) A heavily reddened cluster in Ara. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 73, 51-56.
COCD n[KPR2004b]http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/other/AN/325.740open clusterKharchenko, N.V. et al. (2004) Astrophysical supplements to the ASCC-2.5. II. Membership probabilities in 520 Galactic open cluster sky areas. Astron. Nachr., 325, 740-748.
[2006A&A...445..545P] (COCD = Catalogue of Open Cluster Data)
DCld LLL.l+BB.bDCld, DC, HMSThttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/A%2BA/383/631dark nebula, globules
DDO ngalaxyVan den Bergh, S. (1959) A catalogue of dwarf galaxies. Publ. David Dunlap Obs., 2, 145-156.
DG nbright nebulaDorschner, J. & Gurtler, J. (1963) Untersuchungen uber Reflexionsnebel am Palomar Sky Survey. I. Verzeichnis von Reflexionsnebeln. Astron. Nachr., 287, 257-260.
ESO nnn-nnnESO 10-1http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/34variousLauberts, A. (1982) The ESO/Uppsala Survey of the ESO(B) Atlas.
FGC nhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/162galaxyKarachentsev, I. D. et al. (1993) Flat galaxies catalogue. Astron. Nachr., 314, 97-222.
Frolov 1open clusterFrolov, V.N. (1977) Photometry and proper motions of stars of four galactic clusters in Cassiopeia. Izv. Glav. Astron. Obs., 195, 80-97.
G LLL.l+BB.bhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/227supernova remnantGreen (2001) A Catalogue of Galactic Supernova Remnants
Gaze-Shajn nGaze-Shajn 248HS, [GS55]bright nebulaGaze, V.F. & Shajn, G.A. (1955) Catalogue of emission nebulae. Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 15, 11-30.
GCl 1http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/44globular clusterAlter, G., Ruprecht, J. & Vanysek, V. (1970) Catalogue of star clusters and associations + supplements. Akad. Kiado, Budapest, Hungary.
Gum 1G, Str, Stromlobright nebulaGum, C.S. (1955) A survey of southern HII regions. Mem. R. Astron. Soc., 67, 155-177.
HCG nH, Hick, Hicksonhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/213galaxy groupHickson, P. (1982) Systematic properties of compact groups of galaxies. Astrophys. J., 255, 382-391.
Hen 115-NLHA 120-Nemission nebulaeHenize, K.G. (1956)
Hen 115-SLHA 120-Nemission nebulaeHenize, K.G. (1956)
Hen 120-SLHA 120-Nemission nebulaeHenize, K.G. (1956)
Hen 1-nHe, Henize, He1-planetary nebulaHenize, K.G. (1961) Seven new planetary nebulae. PASP, 73, 159-162.
Hen 2-nHe, Henize, He2-planetary nebulaHenize, K.G. (1967) Observations of southern planetary nebulae. Ap.J.Suppl.Ser., 14, 125-153.
Hen 3-nHe, Henize, He3-planetary nebulaHenize, K.G. (1976) Observations of southern emission-line stars. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 30, 491-550.
IC nvarious
KMHK nK, [KMH90]star cluster (in LMC)Kontizas, M. et al. (1990) The cluster system of the Large Magellanic Cloud. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 84, 527.
KPG nCP, CPG, K, K72, Karahttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/77galaxy pairKarachentsev, I.D. (1972) Catalogue of isolated pairs of galaxies in the northern hemisphere. Soobshch. Spets. Astrof. Obs., 7, 1-92.
LBN nL, LD, Lyndshttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/9bright nebulaLynds, B.T. (1965) Catalogue of bright nebulae. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 12, 163-185.
LDN nL, LD, Lyndshttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/7dark nebulaLynds, B.T. (1962) Catalogue of dark nebulae. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 7, 1-52.
LEDA nPGC, CPGhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/237galaxyPaturel, G. et al. (2003) HYPERLEDA. I. Identification and designation of galaxies. Astron. Astrophys., 412, 45-55.
LH nstar cluster (in LMC)Lucke, P.B. & Hodge, P.W. (1970) A Catalogue of Stellar Associations in the Large Magellanic Cloud. Astron. J., 75, 171-175.
Liller nglobular clusterLiller, W. (1977) Searches for the optical counterparts of the X-ray burst sources MXB 1728-34 and MXB 1730-33. Astrophys. J., 213, L21-L23.
Loden nLsuspected star clusterLoden, L.O. (1980) Concluding observations of loose stellar clusterings in the Southern Milky Way. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 41, 173-181.
Lund nhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/92open cluster, globular clusterLynga, G. (1987) Open Cluster Data. 5th Edition. Lund Observatory.
MagakianMagakian 14[M2003]http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/Cat?J/A%2bA/399/141reflection nebulaMagakian T.Yu. (2003) Merged catalogue of reflection nebulae. Astron. Astrophys. 399, 141.
Messier nMessiervariousMessier, C. (1850) Catalogue des nebuleuses et des amas d'etoiles. Connaissance des Temps, 1784, 227-269.
Min 1-nbright nebulaMinkowski, R. (1946) New emission nebulae. PASP, 58, 305-309.
Min 2-nbright nebulaMinkowski, R. (1947) New emission nebulae (II). PASP, 59, 257-259.
Mrk nMark, Markarian, Markarjan, Mk, Mkn, Mkrhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/172galaxyPetrosian, A. et al. (2007) Markarian galaxies. I. The optical database and atlas. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 170, 33-70.
NGC nvarious
OCISM 103http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/106open clusterLeisawitz, D. (1988) Catalog of open clusters and associated interstellar matter. NASA Ref. Publ., 1202, 1.
OCl nhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/101open clusterAlter, G., Ruprecht, J. & Vanysek, V. (1970) Catalogue of star clusters and associations + supplements. Akad. Kiado, Budapest, Hungary.
OGLE-CL LMC 113http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/other/AcA/49.521star cluster (in LMC)Pietrzynski, G. et al. (1999) The Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment. Catalog of star clusters from the Large Magellanic Cloud. Acta Astron., 49, 521-542.
OGLE-CL SMC 8http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?J/other/AcA/48.175star cluster (in SMC)Pietrzynski, G. et al. (1998) Optical Gravitational Lensing Experiment. The catalog of clusters in the Small Magellanic Cloud. Acta Astron., 48, 175-268.
PK LLL+BB nNPL, PK67http://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?IV/24planetary nebulaPerek, L. & Kohoutek, L. (1967) Catalogue of galactic planetary nebulae. Acad. Publ. House of the Czech. Acad. Sci., 1-276.
PN A55 nA, Abellplanetary nebulaAbell, G.O. (1955) Globular clusters and planetary nebulae discovered on the national geographic society-Palomar Observatory sky survey. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 67, 258-261.
PN Ap 4-1Applanetary nebulaApriamashvili, S.P. (1964) A new planetary nebula. Astron. Tsirk., 279, 1.
PN Ba nBa, Baadeplanetary nebulaBaade, W. (1935) A new planetary nebula. PASP, 47, 99.
PN Cn 1-4Cn, Cannonplanetary nebula
PN Fg 1Fg, Fl, Flemingplanetary nebula
PN GLLL.l+BB.bhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?V/84planetary nebulaAcker, A. et al. (1992) Strasbourg-ESO Catalogue of Galactic Planetary Nebulae.
PN H 1-nplanetary nebulaHaro, G. (1952) Nuevas nebulosas planetarias y objetos con emision en la region del centro galactico. Bol. Obs. Tonantz. Tacub., 1, part no 1, 1.
PN Hb nHb, Hub, Hubbleplanetary nebulaHubble, E.P. (1921) Twelve new planetary nebulae. PASP, 33, 174-175.
PN Hf nHf, H, Hoffleitplanetary nebulaHoffleit, D. (1953) A preliminary survey of nebulosities and associated B-stars in Car. Ann. Astron. Obs. Harvard Coll., 119, 37.
PN HFG nHFG, HeFeplanetary nebulaHeckathorn, J.N., Fesen, R.A. & Gull, T.R. (1982) Discovery of a large, high-excitation planetary nebula at l=136, b=+5. Astron. Astrophys., 114, 414-418.
PN HHMM+DDMMPNplanetary nebulaVan de Steene, G.C., Jacoby, G.H. & Pottasch, S.R. (1996) Optical observations of planetary nebula candidates from the northern hemisphere. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 118, 243-262.
PN Hu 1-nHuplanetary nebulaHumason, M.L. (1921) Two new planetary nebulae. PASP, 33, 175-175.
PN Hu 2-nHuplanetary nebulaHumason, M.L. (1922) A new planetary nebula. PASP, 34, 296-297.
PN Jn nJn, Jonesplanetary nebulaMiller, F.D. & Van Dien, E. (1949) A large new planetary nebula. Astrophys. J., 109, 537-538.
PN JnEr nJnEr, Jones+Embersonplanetary nebulaBerbieri, C. & Sulentic, J.W. (1977) The planetary nebula 164+31 1. PASP, 89, 261-263.
PN K 1-nK, Kohoutekplanetary nebula
PN Lo nLo, Longmoreplanetary nebulaLongmore, A.J. (1977) New and known planetary nebulae on plates taken with the U.K. 1,2 m Schmidt telescope. MNRAS, 178, 251-257.
PN M 1-nMinplanetary nebulaMinkowski, R. (1946) New emission nebulae. PASP, 58, 305-309.
PN Me 1-nMe, Merrillplanetary nebulaMerrill, P.W. (1941) A distant planetary nebulae. Publ. Astron. Soc. Pac., 53, 245-247.
PN My nMy, Mayallplanetary nebulaMayall, M.W. (1951) New peculiar spectra. Harvard Bull., 920, 32-37.
PN MyCn nMyCn, Mayall+Cannonplanetary nebulaMayall, M.W. & Cannon, A.J. (1940) New peculiar spectra. Harvard Bull., 913, 7-7.
PN Mz nplanetary nebulaMenzel, D.N. (1922) Five new planetary nebulae. Harvard Bull., 777.
PN Na nNa, NSCplanetary nebulaNassau, J.J. et al. (1964) Spectral classification for new or unclassified late-type variables, emission-line stars, S stars, and planetary nebulae. Astrophys. J., 139, 864-868.
PN PB nPBplanetary nebulaPeimbert, M. & Batiz, G. (1960) Nuevas nebulosas planetarias. Bol. Obs. Tonantz. Tacub., 2, part no 19, 19-20.
PN PC nPCplanetary nebulaPeimbert, M. & Costero, R. (1961) Nuevas nebulosas planetarias. II. Bol. Obs. Tonantz. Tacub., 3, 33-35.
PN Pe 1-n, PN Pe 2-nPe, Perekplanetary nebulaPerek, L. (1960) New planetary nebulae. Bull. Astron. Inst. Czech., 11, 256.
PN PM 1-n, PN PM 2-nPMplanetary nebulaPreite-Martinez, A. (1988) Possible new planetary nebulae in the IRAS point source catalogue. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 76, 317-330.
PN Sa N-nSa, Sp, St, Sanduleakplanetary nebula
PN Sp nSpplanetary nebulaShapley, H. (1936) Five planetary nebulae and a globular cluster. Harvard Bull., 902, 26-27.
PN StWr 4-7StWr, SkWlplanetary nebulaStock, J. & Wroblewski, H. (1972) A southern objective prism survey. Publ. Obs. Astron. Nacional, Cerro Calan, 2, 59-129.
PN Tc nTc planetary nebulaThackeray, A.D. (1950) Some southern stars involved in nebulosity. MNRAS, 110, 524.
PN Th 1-A, PN Th 2-AThplanetary nebula(Th = The)
PN VV nVVplanetary nebulaVorontsov-Vel'jaminov, B.A. (1934) Catalogue of planetary nebulae with a statistical discussion of the subject. Astron. Zh., 11, 40-59.
PN VV' nVV'planetary nebulaVorontsov-Vel'jaminov, B.A. (1962) Mitt. Staatl. Astron. Sterberga Inst. Moscow 118, 3.
PN Vy 2-nVyplanetary nebulaVyssotsky, A.N., Miller, W.J. & Walther, M.E. (1945) New planetaries, Wolf-Rayet stars, and a Be star. PASP, 57, 314-314.
PN Y-C nY-C, CeGi, CG, YCplanetary nebula(YC = Yale Columbia obs.)
PN YM nYMplanetary nebula(YM = Yerkes McDonald obs.)
Raab nRb, Raabopen clusterRaab, S. (1922) A research on open clusters. Lund Medd. Astron. Obs. Ser. II, 28, 1.
RCW naRCW, Rhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/216bright nebulaRodgers, A.W., Campbell, C.T. & Whiteoak, J.B. (1960) A catalogue of H-alpha emission regions in the Southern Milky Way. MNRAS, 121, 103-110.
Rose nRose, [R77]galaxy groupRose, J.A. (1977) A survey of compact groups of galaxies. Astrophys. J., 211, 311-318.
Sandqvist nSa, SL, Sandqvistdark nebulaSandqvist, A. & Lindroos, K.P. (1976) Interstellar formaldehyde in southern dark dust clouds. Astron. Astrophys., 53, 179-189.
SCM nSCM, [SCM92a]planetary nebulaSchwarz, H.E., Corradi, R.L.M. & Melnick, J. (1992) A catalogue of narrow band images of planetary nebulae. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 96, 23-113.
Ser FFF-NNNSer, Calan, Segalaxy, galaxy groupSersic, J.L. (1974) A list of peculiar galaxies, interacting pairs, groups and clusters south of declination -43. Astrophys. Space Sci., 28, 365-373.
SGC HHMMSS+DDMM.mhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/116galaxyCorwin, H.G. et al. (1985) Southern Galaxy Catalogue. Univ. Texas Monogr. Astron., 4.
Sh 1-nS, ShA, ShB, Sharplesshttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/20bright nebulaSharpless, S. (1953) A catalogue of emission nebulae near the galactic plane. Astrophys. J., 118, 362-369.
Sh 2-nS, ShA, ShB, Sharplessbright nebulaSharpless, S. (1959) A catalogue of HII regions. Astrophys. J., Suppl. Ser., 4, 257-279.
SimeisSimeis 104S, SG, Sh, Shajn, SHZ, Si, Simeis, Simeizbright nebulaGaze, V.F. & Shajn, G.A. (1954) Fourth list of diffuse emission nebulae. Izv. Krym. Astrofiz. Obs., 11, 39-41.
SL nA[SL63], SL, Shapley-Lindsaystar cluster (in LMC)Shapley, H. & Lindsay, E.M. (1963) A catalogue of clusters in the Large Magellanic Cloud. IAJ, 6, 74-91.
SNR LLL.l+BB.bhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/227supernova remnantGreen, D.A. (1996) Proc. IAU Colloq., Supernovae and Supernovae Remnants", 145, 419. CUP.
SP82 ngalaxySanduleak, N. & Pesch, P. (1982) Emission-line galaxies in the direction of the proposed void in Bootes. Astrophys. J., 258, L11-L15.
SPB nhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/161galaxySchmidt, K.-H., Priebe, A. & Boller, T. (1993) Nearby galaxies. Revised machine-readable version of the catalogue. Astron. Nachr., 314, 371-380.
UGC nUgalaxyNilson, P. (1973) Uppsala General Catalogue of Galaxies. Data for 12,921 galaxies north of delta =-2 30. Nova Acta Regiae Soc. Sci. Upsaliensis, Ser. V:A.
UGCA nUGCA, UAgalaxyNilson, P. (1974) Catalogue of selected non-UGC galaxies. Upps. Astron. Obs. Rep., 5.
UKS HHMM+DD.dglobular clusterMalkan, M., Kleinmann, D.E. & Apt, J. (1980) Infrared studies of globular clusters near the Galactic Center. Astrophys. J., 237, 432-437.
VDB nVan den Berghhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/21bright nebulaVan den Bergh, S. (1966) A study of reflection nebulae. Astron. J., 71, 990-998.
VGHC 1-n, VGHC 2-nV86, [VGV86]emission object (in NGC 598)Viallefond, F. et al. (1986) H II regions in M 33. II. Radio continuum survey. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 64, 237-246.
VV nAVV, IGVV, IG VVhttp://cdsweb.u-strasbg.fr/cgi-bin/qcat?VII/236galaxyVorontsov-Vel'yaminov, B.A. (1977) Atlas of interacting galaxies, Part. II and the concept of fragmentation of galaxies. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 28, 1-117.
VVD n, VVD nAgalaxyVan den Broek, A.C. et al. (1991) A study of southern extreme IRAS galaxies. I. Optical observations. Astron. Astrophys., Suppl. Ser., 91, 61-128.
Wray 15-n .. Wray 19-nW, Wr, Wrabright nebulaWray, J.D. (1966) A study of H-alpha emission objects in the Southern Milky Way. Thesis.
ZH ngalaxy (in Abell 194)(ZH = Zwicky + Humason) Zwicky, F. & Humason, M.L. (1964) Spectra and other characteristics of interconnected galaxies and of galaxies in groups and in clusters. III. AJ, 139, 269-283.
ZW I n, ZW VII nZwgalaxyZwicky, F. (1971) Catalogue of selected compact galaxies and of post-eruptive galaxies. Publ. F. Zwicky, Guemligen (BE), Switzerland.
ZwCl fff-nnZwCl, ZC, Zwgalaxy clusterZwicky, F. et al. (1961) Catalogue of galaxies and of clusters of galaxies. Vol. I to Vol. VIII. Caltech.

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